# (PYQ) UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021 Set 2 With Solutions

#### Ques 31: Which of the following are in the “Six Thinking Hats System”, a form of parallel thinking ? A. Brown Hat B. White Hat C. Violet Hat D. Red Hat E. Black Hat Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A,B and C only
• B,C and D only
• B,D and E only
• C,D and E only

Research Aptitude
The Six thinking Hats’ were described by Dr. Edward Bono. These provide a means of effective thinking for parallel thinking groups in a broad and cohesive manner.
In this, different hats are used as metaphors for each direction.
Six Thinking Hats

Thus, the white hat, red hat and black hat are a form of parallel thinking in the six-thinking hat system.

#### Ques 32: How tall is tree that is 6 meters shorter than a wall that is seven times higher than the tree ?

• 1 meters
• 1.25 meters
• 2 meters
• 7 meters

Mathematical Aptitude and Reasoning
This is a direct question. It can be solved easily by reasoning method.
Let the height of tree = X meters
Height of wall = 7X
7X – 1 X = 6 meters
6X = 6 meters
X = 1 meter

#### Ques 33: Given below are two statements : Statement I : One’s perceptions and beliefs are the basis of generalization in communication. Statement II : Generalizations of the environment develop from the options given below :

• Both Statement I and Statement II are false
• Both Statement I and Statement II are true
• Statement I is false but Statement II is true
• Statement I is true but Statement II is false

Communication
One’s perception and beliefs are the basis of generalization in communication.
Generalisations of the environment develop through experience.
Thus, both the statements are true.

#### Ques 34: The first education commission in Independent India is :

• national Knowledge Commission
• Secondary Education Commission
• The Education Commission
• University Education Commission

Higher Education System
Soon after Independence, the University Education Commission was set up in 1948 under the Chairmanship of Dr. S Radhakrishnan “to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions that might be desirable to suit the present and future needs and aspirations of the country”.

#### Ques 35: The dynamics of classroom interaction can be effectively mangaged through

• Interpreting perceived meanings
• Language complexity
• Repetitive symbolism
• Verbosity

Teaching Aptitude
The dynamic of classroom interaction can be effectively managed through interpreting perceived meanings.
Effective teaching : teaching is a planned activity and effective teaching depends on the following factors :
(a) How clearly the students understand what they are expected to learn ?
(b) How accurately their learning can be measured?
Thus, the dynamics of interactions in the classroom can be effectively restricted to the interpretation of understood meanings.

#### Ques 36: Match List I with list II Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A-I, B-II, C-III, D-IV
• A-II, B-III, C-I, D-IV
• A-III, B-I, C-II, D-IV
• A-IV, B-II, C-III, D-I

Logical Reasoning
Contradictories : this is a relationship between two propositions having the same subject matter, but differing in both quality and quantity. Under this proposition A-O and E-I are included. Contradictory propositions cannot be simultaneously true and false. If one is true, the other is necessarily false and vice versa. That is, if ‘A’ is true, then ‘O’ is false; ‘E’ is false.
Contrary : When two universal propositions differ only in quality. By definition, both opposite propositions can be both false and true at the same time. If one of them is true, the other must necessarily be false. If one is false, the other may be true or false. That is, if ‘E’ then ‘A’ true ‘I’ false.
Sub-contraries : When two particular propositions differ only in quality, the opposites are said to be sub-contraries. Contrasting propositions can be true simultaneously, but they cannot be false at the same time. If one of them is true, then other may be true of false, but if one of them is false, the other must be true. That is, if ‘I’ then ‘E’ is true; ‘O’ true.
Sub-alternation : When two preposition differ only in quantity (one is universal and the other is special), such an opposition is said to be subordinate. These propositions may be simultaneously true or simultaneously false. That is, if ‘O’ is true, then ‘E’ is false; ‘I’ true.

#### Ques 37: which of the following are myths abouts communication ? A. Good communicators are born, not made B. Stage fright is not a communication apprehension C. Communication skills have nothing to do with relationships D. Communication has its own barriers E. Practice leads to the right habits of communication Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A,B and C only
• A,D and E only
• B,C and D only
• C,D and E only

communication
These are myths about communications :
Good communicators are born, not made.
Stage fright is not a communication apprehension.
Communication skills have nothing to do with relationships.

#### Ques 38: Match List I with List II Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A-I, B-III, C-II, D-IV
• A-II, B-IV, C-I, D-III
• A-III, B-II, C-IV, D-I
• A-IV, B-I, C-II, D-III

Logical Reasoning
The name ‘Asidha’ is attached with first three. This is the fallacy of the unproved middle. The middle term must be present in the minor term (pakashadharmata). If it is unproved. It is three kinds.
A. Ashraya asidha : the minor term is the locus of the middle term. If the minor term is unreal, the middle term cannot be present in it. For example, the sky-lotus is fragrant, because it is a lotus, like the lotus of a lake.
B. Svarupa asidha : Here the minor term is not unreal. But he middle term cannot be its very nature be present in the minor term. For example,
Sound is a quality, because it is visible’. Here, visibility cannot belong to sound which is audible.
C. Vyapyatva asidha : Here, Vyapti is conditional (sopadhika). We cannot sya,’ wherever there is fire there is smoke’. Fire smokes only when it is associated with web fuel. A red-hot iron bal or clear fire does not smoke. Hence, ‘Association with wet fuel’ is a condition necessary to the aforesaid vyapti. Being conditioned, the middle term becomes fallacious if we say : ‘The hill has smoke because it has fire’.

#### Ques 39: The middle term of the inference is related to the major term neither as a cause nor as an effect but because they are uniformly related to each other in our experience, is known as

• Pakshdharmata
• Purvavat
• Samanyatodrshta
• Sheshavat

Logical Reasoning
A. Puravavat inference (a prior) : Vatsyayana given two types of interpretations to purvavat. It is an ifference in which the effect is inferred from the caus. The inference of rain seeing a cloud is the example given.
B. Sheshavat inference (a posterior) : Here we infer the unperceived cause from a perceived effect.
For exapme, when we see a river in flood and infer that there was heavy rain. It is case of Sheshavat inference.
C. Samanyatodrista inference (commonly seen) : Samanyatodrista refers to the inference based on merely experience. Seeing the Sun in the East in the morning, in the middle in the afternoon and in the west at evening twilight, the movement in inferred.
Psychologically, it has been classified into :
(i) svartha (one’s own inferential knowledge) and
(ii) parartha (inferential knowledge of another).
D. Anupsamhari : All matter is eternal, because it is knowable.
Thus, if the cause of the inference is related to the end, neither as a cause nor as an action, but they are equally related to each other in our experience, it is said to be generalizable.

#### Ques 40: Given below are two statements : Statement I: A variable measured at the nominal level can be used in higher-level statistics if it is converted into another form. Statement II : the result of the conversion process is called dummy variable. In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• Both Statement I and Statement II are false
• Both Statement I and Statement II are true
• Statement I is false but Statement II ais true
• Statement I is true Statement II is false

Research Aptitude
The nominal scale is also called the classification scale. It allows variables to be measured in one, two, and three subcategories according to their diversity.
For example, gender can be classified into two subcategories, male and female. A variable measured at the nominal level can be used in higher-level statistics if it is converted into another form.
The result of the conversion process is called dummy variable.

Updated: October 7, 2022 — 12:49 pm