(PYQ) UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021 Set 2 With Solutions


Ques 11: Given below are two statement :
Statement I : Personal competencies determine how we manage ourselves
Statement II : Social competencies determine how we handle relationships
In light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below

  • Both Statement I and Statement II are correct
  • Both Statement I and Statement II are incorrect
  • Statement I is correct but Statement II is incorrect
  • Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is correct

Teaching Aptitude
Competencies refer to skills o knowledge that led to superior performance.
Personal competencies determine how we manage ourselves while the social competencies determine how we handle relationships. Thus, both the statements are correct.

Ques 12: An extraneous variable is also known as

  • Artifact
  • Contiguous factor
  • Dependent variable
  • Intervener

Research Aptitude
Extraneous variable : An extraneous variable is also known as artifact. In real life situations, there can be many factors or variables that may affect the outcome. These variables that may affect the outcome. These variables are termed as extraneous variable, although these are not manipulated by the researcher.
They may mask the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable. Extraneous variable may directly affect the dependent variable to produce an affect.
Therefore extraneous variables must be controlled so that the experimenter can determine whether or not the dependent variable changes in relations to a variation in the independent variable.
If an extraneous variable is the real reason for an outcome instead of the independent variables, then it is also known as a confounding variable because it has confused or confounded the relationship, we are interested in.

Ques 13: Identify the correct sequence of wind energy potential at 100m above ground level in decreasing order.
A. Karnataka
B. Andhra Pradesh
C. Gujarat
D. Tamil Nadu
E. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Choose the correct answer from the options given below

  • A>B>C>E>D
  • C>A>B>D>E
  • C>E>B>D>A
  • D>C>A>B>E

People, Development and Environment
The country currently has the fourth highest wind installed capacity in the world with total installed capacity of 39.25 GW (as on 31st March 2021) and has generated around 60.149 billion units during 2020-21.
Potential of Wind Energy in India
The Government, through National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE). Has installed over 800 wind-monitoring stations all over the country and issued wind potential maps at 50m, 80m, 100m and 120m, above ground level. The recent assessment indicates a gross wind power potential of 302 GW in the country at 100 metres and 695.50 GW at 120 metres above ground level. Most of this potential exists in seven windy states given below :

Thus, the correct sequence of wind energy potential at 100 m above ground level in decreasing order are as :

Ques 14: What is the World Wide Web (www)?

  • Collection of webpages stored on websites
  • Hypertext processor
  • Interconnect networks
  • Web browser

Information and Communication Technology
World Wibe Web : It is the component of the Internet that combines audio, video and graphics with text is also called the web or simply the WWW. It is a subset of the Internet and is a collection of documents and application residing on the internet and is a collection of documents and applications residing on the Internet servers around the world. Thus, the World Wide Web (WWW) is the collection of webpages stored on websites.
Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) : PHP is a popular scripting language, used to create attractive, userfriendly and interactive web pages. PHP is opensource which it is well documented and can be easily downloaded for free from the web. It was created in the year 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf.
Interconnected network : it is a set of computer nodes, including, but not limited to, personal computers, mobile devices, and physical or virtual servers, which are linked together to facilitate the transmission of data between users.
Web Browser : Web browser is an application software to access the World Wibe Web. When a user request a web page from a particular website, the web browser fetcher the required content from the web server and then it displays the page on the user’s device.
Web browsers are used on a wide variety of devices, including desktops, laptops, tablets, and smart-phones. The most used browser is Google Chrome, with 65% of the global market share, followed by safari at 18%
A web browser is not the same as a search engine. A search engine is a website that provides links to other websites. However, in order to connect to a website’s server and display its web pages, the user must have a web browser installed in the system.

Ques 15: University of the ancient period which has been declared by UNESCO as a heritage site is :
A. Mithila B. Vallabhi C. Pushpagiri D. Takshashila E. Nalanda
Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

  • A and B only
  • B and C only
  • C and D only
  • D and E only

Higher Education System
UNESCO World Heritage Sites are called special places that are selected by the World Heritage Sites Committee. The purpose of this program is to select and preserve such sites of the world which are important to humanity from the point of view of world culture. For example, forest area, mountain, lake, desert, monument, university, building, city, etc.
Each heritage site is the property of the particular country in which the site is located. It is also in the interest of the international community to preserve them for future generations and for the benefit of humanity. In this way, the responsibility of their protection rests with the whole world community.
In certain circumstances, financial assistance is also given to such places by this committee, So far (as of July 2021) about 1154 sites have been declared as World Heritage Sites all over the world which included 897 cultural, 218 natural, 39 mixed and 138 other sites.
The ancient Taxila and Nalanda University have been declared as heritage sites by UNESCO.
Nalanda : Nalanda Mahavihar is a world heritage been declared as heritage sites that is 98 km away from Patna, Nalanda stands out as the most ancient university of the Indian subcontinent. It engaged in the organized transmission of knowledge interrupted period of 800 years. The historical development of he site testifies the development of Buddhism into a religion and the flourishing of monastic and educational traditions.
Takshashila : takshashila (or Taxila) was an ancient Indian educational centre that was founded in 1000 BCE. This produced some illustrious historical personalities :
(a) Kautilya who wrote Arthashastra
(b) Panini-the complier of ‘Ashtadhyayi’ the Sanskrit grammar
(c) Charaka the great Ayurvedic healer (author of Charak Smhita)
(d) Jivaka who once treated Buddha.
But there was not much formal (or centralized) system of education in Takshashila. It did not award degree to its students. The education system there was flexible, and was customizable towards students. The faculty here worked with complete autonomy, forming their own school of learnig with their specific set of rules and manner.
The manner of functioning of Taksashila differed drastically from Nalanda University that was more structured than Taxila.
By some accounts, the University of Ancient Taxila was considered to be one of the earliest universities in the world.
Pushpagiri : This vihar (or set of monuments) was an ancient Buddhist mahavihara. It is also termed as monastic complex located atop Langudi Hill in Jaipur district of Odisha, the visit of Xuanzang to Pushpagiri vihar indicates that it was important Buddist site in ancient India. Like Nalanda, Vikramashila, Odantapuri, Takshashila and Vallabhi, it was a major ancient centre of learnig. It progressed between 3rd and 11th centuries CE.
Valabhi : The Valabhi University was an important centre of Buddhist learning. It championed the cause of Hinayana Buddhism between 600 CE and 1200 CE.
Valabhi was the capital of the Maitraka empire during the period 480-775 CE.
Mithila : Ancient Mithila University was famous for Nyaya Shastra and logical sciences.

Ques 16: Which of the following types of power plants provide electricity consistently running 24 hrs per day, 7 days a week ?

  • Geothermal
  • Hydro
  • Solar
  • Wind

People, Development Environment
Geothermal power plants provide electricity consistently running 24 hours per day, 7 days a week, regardless of weather conditions. The power output of a geothermal power plant is highly predictable and stable. The disadvantages of geothermal power plant location is restricted and also runs the risk of triggering earthquakes. This is due to alterations in the Earth’s structure as a result of constant digging.
Nuclear power is the only energy source that delivers carbon-free, reliable energy 24 hours a day. Along with wind, solar, and energy storage, nuclear has a vital role in our carbon-free future.
It is a Carbon-free Energy. We can get 24/7/365 days. The advantages include :
Nuclear energy is carbon-free.
Nuclear energy is reliable.
Nuclear energy is powerful.

Ques 17: Name the fallacy committed in the argument below :
“All men who understand women are potentially perfect husbands.
All potentially perfect husbands are men of infinite patience.
Therefore, some men of infinite patience are men who understand women.”

  • Exclusive premises
  • Existential fallacy
  • Illicit major
  • Undistributed middle

Logical Reasoning
Existential fallacy : In modern times, presupposition that a class has members is seen as unacceptable. In 1905, Bertrand Russell wrote an essay entitled. The Existential Import of Proposition’, in which he called this Boolean approach ‘Peano’s interpretation’. In an existential fallacy, we presuppose that a class has members even when we are not explicitly told so, that is, we assume that the class has existential import.
Exclusive premise : The fallacy of exclusive premises is a syllogistic fallacy committed in a categorical syllogism that is invalid because both of its premises are negative.
Illicit major : Illicit major is a formal fallacy committed in a categorical syllogism that is invalid because its major term is undistributed in the major premise but distributed in the conclusion.
Undistributed middle : The fallacy of the undistributed middle is a formal fallacy that is committed when the middle term in a formal fallacy that is committed when the middle term in a categorical syllogism is not distributed in either the minor premise or the major premise. It is thus a syllogistic fallacy.

Ques 18: Match List I with List II :

Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

    Weismann

  • A-I, B-II, C-IV,D-III
  • A-II, B-III, C-IV, D-I
  • A-III, B-IV, C-I, D-II
  • A-IV, B-II, C-I, D-III

Higher Education System
BCI : The Bar Council of India is a statutory body established under the section 4 of Advocates Act (1961) that regulates the legal practice and legal education in India. It prescribes standards of professional conduct, etiquettes, and execises disciplinary jurisdiction over the bar. It also sets standards for legal education and grants recognition to universities whose degree In law will serve as a qualification for students to enrol themselves as advocates upon graduation.

NCTE : The National Council for Teacher Education, in tis previous statues since 1973, was an advisory body for the Central and State Governments on all matters pertaining to teacher education, with its Secretariat in the Department of Teacher Education of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). The National Council for Teacher Education as a statutory body that came into existence in pursuance of the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993 on the 17 th August, 1995. The main objective of the NCTE is to achieve planned and coordinated development of the teacher education system throughout the country, the regulation and proper maintenance of Norms and Standards in the teacher education system and for matters connected therewith.
AICTE : All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE0 was set up in November 1945 as a national-level Apex Advisory body to conduct a survey on the facilities available for technical education and to promote development in the country in a coordinated and integrated manner.
NMC : National Medical Commission (NMC) is an Indian regulatory body of 33 members which regulates medical eeducation and medical professionals. It replaced the Medical Council of India on 25 September 2020. The Commission grants recognition of medical qualifications, gives accreditation to medical practitioners, monitors medical practice and assesses the medical infrastructure in India.

Ques 19: What is Ethernet ?

  • A collision-detection protocol
  • A protocol used by many wired LAN’s
  • A protocol used for address translation
  • A security protocol

Information and Communication Technology
Ethernet : Ethernet is a family of wired computer networking technologies commonly used in Local Area Networks (LAN), Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) and Wide Area Networks (WAN). It was commercially introduced in 1980s. systems communicating over Ethernet Each frame contains source and destination addresses, and error checking data so that damaged frames can be detected and discarded; most often, higher-layer protocols trigger retransmission of lost frames.
Ethernet is widely used in homes and industry, and interworks well with Wi-Fi technologies. The Internet Protocol is commonly carried over Ethernet, and hence, it is considered one of the key technologies that make up the Internet.

Ques 20: The satellite used for the transmission and telecast of SWAYAMPRABHA is called

  • EDUSAT Satellite
  • GSAT-15 Satellite
  • GSAT-3 Satellite
  • SP-EDU-15 Satellite

Higher Education System
SAWAYAM PRABHA satellite : The SWAYAM PRABHA is a group of 34 DTH channels devoted to telecasting high-quality educational programmes acroos the country on 24⨯7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite. Every day, there will be new content for at least (4) hours which would be repeated 5 more times in a day, allowing the students to choose the time of their convenience. The channels are up linked from BISAG, Gandhinagar. The contents are provided by NPTEL, IITs, UGC, CEC, IGNOU, etc. the INFLIBNET Centre maintains the web portal.

Updated: July 17, 2022 — 9:47 am

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