# (PYQ) NTA UGC NET JRF 2021 PAPER 1 Set 1 with Solution

(PYQ) NTA UGC NET JRF 2021 PAPER 1 Set 1 with Solution, NTA UGC NET SET and JRF previous year question paper with solution is available in MCQ format. Solve these MCQ PYQ and analyze them.

## UGC NET JRF 2021 PAPER 1 Set 1 with Solution

Information for Question 1 to 5:
Study the table carefully and answer the question that follow:
In the following table, total Exports and of 5 countries over 4 years ( in Rs Crore ) is given. Study the table carefully and answer the given question. (I-import E-export) #### Ques 1: Find out the ratio of export done by country S and T during 2017-2020.

• 109/115
• 111/115
• 108/117
• 107/117

Exports by country S during 2017-2020 = 28+28+21+32 = 109
Exports by country T during 2017-2020 = 31+33+23+28 = 115
Thus, required ratio of exports between S and T = 109/115

#### Ques 2: Which country has the maximum percentage of profit increase from 2019 to 2020 ? (Profit = Export Import)

• P
• Q
• R
• S

As per question, the profit percentage increase by different countries between 2019 and 2020 is to be calculated first.
For country P
Profit in 2019 = 36-28=8
Profit in 2020 = 32-22 = 10
Percentage increase = (10-8)/8⨯10=2/8⨯100
= 25%
For country Q
Profit in 2019 = 36-29 = 8
Profit in 2020 = 34-26 = 8
Percentage increase = (8-8)/8⨯100 = 0/8⨯100
= 0%
For country R
Profit in 2019 = 36-32 = 4
Profit in 2020 = 34-28 = 6
Percentage increase = (6-4)/4⨯100=2/4⨯100
= 50%
As per question, the profit percentage increase by different countries between 2019 and 2020
For country S
Profit in 2019 = 23-12 = 11
Profit in 2020 = 28-21 = 8
Percentage increase = (7-11)/11⨯100= Reduction Thus, country S has shown the maximum increase in profit,

#### Ques 3: Which year has the minimum average import ?

• 2017
• 2018
• 2019
• 2020

As every figure is to be divided by 5 (number of years) to calculate average imports, we may get the answer directly by total as well, and thus save time
The total imports during different years are %
Imports during 2017 = 25+28+24+22+26 = 125
Imports during 2018 = 24+26+28+18+16 = 112
Imports during 2019 = 28+29+32+16+12 = 117
Imports during 2020 = 22+26+28+23+21 = 120
Thus, the minimum average imports were in the year 2018. Thus, the answer is (b).

#### Ques 4: Which year has the maximum exports ?

• 2017
• 2018
• 2019
• 2020

As every figure is to be divided by 5 (number of years) to calculate average exports, we may get the answer directly by total as well, and thus save time.
The total exports during different years are :
Exports during 2017 = 30+26+32+28+31 = 147
Exports during 2018 = 32+31+25+28+33 = 149
Export during 2019 = 36+37+36+21+23 = 153
Export during 2020 = 32+34+32+28 = 160
The maximum average exports were in the year 2020.

#### Ques 5: Find out the difference between the average export and average import for the country P.

• 7.25
• 7.75
• 8.25
• 8.50

the average exports b country P = 30+32+36+32 = 130/4 = 32.5
The average imports by country P = 25+24+28+22 = 99/4 = 24.75
Difference = 32.5-24.75=7.75

#### Ques 6: The number of characters in 8 bit ASCII code (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is

• 128
• 256
• 512
• 64

ICT
ASCII Code :
Computers work in binary code. Information is coded using 0s and 1s. each 0 or 1 is called a bit. In the early year of computer development, different computer companies applied the binary system in their own way.
Eventually, a set of standards was developed. Computer manufactures agreed to use one code called the ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange). ASCII is an 8-bit code. That is, it uses eight bits to represent a letter or a punctuation mark eight bits are called a byte. A binary code with eight digits, such as 1101 1102, can be stored in one byte of computer memory.

#### Ques 7: Match List I with List II: Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A-II, B-I, C-III, D-IV
• A-III, B-I, C-II, D-IV
• A-III,B-II,C-I,D-IV
• A-III, B-IV,C-II,D-I

Logical Reasoning
The knowledge through has been classified into
1. svartha – for oneself-one’s own inferential knowledge, through linking it with major and minor premises.
2. parartha – through justification of middle term-inferential knowledge for another.
3. Pararthanumana – if the motive is for demonstrating the truth of the conclusion to others it is called as Pararthanumana. Here, conclusion is arrived at through justification of the middle term that leads to it. A man having inferred the existence of fire in a hill lays it down as a thesis and proves it as a conclusion following from the major and minor premises and their combination into a third premise. The latter has a five membered syllogism viz.., pratijna, hetu, udaharana, upanaya and nigamana.
1st member – Pratijna (preposition) – the hill is fiery
2nd member – Hetu (reason) – because of smoke
3rd member – Udaharana (example) – wherever smoke exists, fire also exists as in kitchen.
4th member – Upanaya (application/subsumptive correlative) – there is smoke on the hill.
5th member – Nigamana (conclusion) – hence, the hill is fiery
Apart from above five, the few of the old Naiyanikas speaks of other five members of syllogism :
Jijnasa – on the desire to know the truth.
Samsaya – doubt about real nature of a thing.
Shakyaprapti – the capacity of the pramanas to lead to true knowledge.
Proyojana – the purpose of making an inference
Samshaya vyudasa – the removal of all doubts the truth of an inference.
Though Vatsyayana disagreed with the first five and stated them as irrelevant.

#### Ques 8: Given below are two statements Statement I : Exploration is particularly useful when researchers lack a clear idea of the problems they will, meet during the study. Statement II : Through exploration, researchers develop more clearly, establish priorities, develop operations, and improve the final research design. In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• Both Statement I and Statement II are false
• Both Statement I and Statement II are true
• Statement I is false but Statement II is true
• Statement I is true but Statement II is false

Research Aptitude
Statement II is the solution for Statement I. For this purpose, we conduct exploratory study that is more useful in qualitative research.
In Statement II, there is list of steps in exploratory study.
Research is a continuous process that needs improvement with the passage of time, thus it is nonexhavstive. Exploratory research mostly deals wit qualitative data. Most of the researchers work on existing theories or formulations and build on them.
Some researchers are motivated to work on a problem that has not been studied very clearly to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improving the final research design.
Much time is spent on exploring the problem so that better insights are built insights are built for the future. It usually doesn’t lead to a conclusive result. Iit starts on a general idea and we try to specify the related issues with the topic of the research.
Exploratory research is inexpensive, highly interactive and opne-ended in nature. There is usually no prior relevant information available from past researchers. Since there is no standard for carrying out exploratory research, it is usually flexible and scattered.

#### Ques 9: Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R Assertion A : According to Naiyayikas, the fallacy of Savyabhicara occurs when the middle term leads to different opposite conclusions. Reason R : When the middle term is irregular, it is distributively not related to the major term. In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A is false but R is true
• A is true but R is false
• Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
• Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanations of A

Logical Reasoning
This question pertains to irregular behaviour of ‘Middle Term’. We can solve other questions, linked directly with Indian philosophy as in the following manner.
The fallacies in Anumana that can be termed as hetvabhasha may occur due to the following :
(i) Asiddha : this fallacy occurs due to unproved hetu. It is also called as Paksadharmata.
(a) Ashrayasiddha : If Pksha (minor term) itself is unreal, then there cannot be locus of the hetu. For example, the sky-lotus be locus of the hetu. For example, the sky-lotus is fragrant, because it is a lotus like any other lotus.
(b) Svarupasiddha : it is not possible that Hetu exist in paksa. For example, wherever there is fire, there is smoke’. The presence of smoke is because of wet fuel.
(ii) Savyabhichara: this is termed as the fallacy of irregular hetu.
(a) Sadharana : here, the hetu is considered too wide. It is present in both sapaksa and vipaksa. The hill has fire because it is knowable.
(b) Asadharana : here, the hetu is considered too narrow. It is present only in the aksa. It is not present in the Sapaksa and it the Vipaksha. For example, ‘sound is eternal because it is audible’.
(c) Anupasamhari :
(iii) Satpratipaksa : in this case, one hetu is contradicted by another hetu. In case, both have equal force, then nothing should follow. For example, ‘sound is eternal, because it is audible’, and ‘sound is noneternal, because it is produced’. The word, ‘audible’ is counterbalanced by produced’. Here, ‘audible’ and ‘produced’ carry the equal force.
(iv) Badhita : here, the another proof (as defined by perception) definitely contradicts and disproves the middle term (hetu). For example, ‘fire is cold because it is a substance’.
(v) Viruddha : Here, the virudha, instead of proving something it is proving the opposite. For example, ‘sound is eternal because it is produced’.

#### Ques 10: In order to transform the regulatory system of Higher Education, the NEP proposes to set up HECI (Higher Education Commission of India). Which of the following are verticals of HECI ? A. NHERC B. NAS C. HEGC D. NCIVE E. NAC Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

• A,B and C only
• A,C and E only
• B,C and E only
• C,D, and E only

Higher Education System
New Education Policy, 2020 proposes a single regulator for higher education institutions across the country, that will be called as Higher Education Council of India (HECI). It will have four verticals for its various roles.
(i) National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) : it will function as the common, single ponint regulator for the higher education sector including teacher education. It however excludes medical and legal education.
(ii) National Accreditation Council (NAC) – a ‘meta-accrediting body’) : it will be based primarily on basic norms, public self-disclosure, good governance, and outcomes. It will be carried out by independent accrediting institutions supervised and overseen by NAC.
(iii) Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) : It will look into funding and financing of colleges and universities.
(iv) General Education Council (GEC) : It will frame expected learning outcomes for higher education programs, also referred to as ‘graduate attributes’. GEC will formulate a National Higher Education Qualification Framework (NHEQF).