# UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021 Set 3 With Solutions (PYQ)

UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021 Set 3 With Solutions (PYQ) : Here we are providing you with some important questions related to UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021. These questions are really important from your examination point of view.

1. This paper consists of Fifty (50) objective type questions of Two (2) marks each.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Each item has four alternative responses marked (a),(b),(c) and (d). you have to darken the circle as indicated below on the correct response against each item.
Example : (a)(b)(c)(d) where (c) is correct response.
4. your responses to the items are to be indicated in the OMR Sheete given at the end of the book.
5. Read instructions provided with each question carefully.
6. There are no negative marks for incorrect answers.Date Interpretation
The following table presents the data on the number of vehicles of three different types (A,B and C) produced by a company during saven different years, i.e., from 2012 to 2018. Based on the table, answer the questions from 1 to 5.
Year-wise production of Three Types of Vehicles

#### Ques 1: ‘In this hospital, some nurses don’t white dress, some doctors have private practice and medicines prescribed are of high cost. Therefore, treatment, in this hospital is of poor quality’, what fallacy does this argument make?

• Fallacy of composition
• Slippery slope
• Fallacy of accident
• Fallacy of division

Logical Reasoning
The slippery slope fallacy is a logical fallacy, where an argument is put forth which asserts that:
(a) A small action will produce a chain of events, which will lead to a negative outcome.
(b) the idea behind slippery slope arguments is that we should not do something such as A because A will lead to B and B will lead to C and so on until we end up with something bad.

#### Ques 2:A college teacher does research with a view to depict the reality situations relating to home conditions of students and hostels provided for. Which of the following research format will be helpful to do so?

• Experimental research
• Descriptive research
• Participant observation based research
• Ethnographic research

Research Aptitude
Participant observation is a qualitative research method, in which the researchers not only observe the research participant but also actively engages in the activities as the research participants. This requires the research to become integrated into the participant environment, while also taking objective notes about what is going on.

#### Ques 3: Match List I with List II. Choose your answer from the following options. Code:

• (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
• (ii), (i), (iii), (iv)
• (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)
• (iii), (i), (ii), (iv)

Teaching Aptitude
Positive reinforcement: Positive reinforcement works by presenting a motivating or reinforcing stimulus to the person after the desired behaviour is presented, making the behaviours more likely to happen in the future.
For example, a father gives his daughter chocolate for doing homework.
Negative reinforcement : Negative reinforcement occurs when a certain stimulus is removed after a particular behaviour is exhibited. For example, bob does the dishes (behaviour) in order to stop his mother’s nagiing.
Punishment : It is simply a stimulus that is used to discourage or decrease an undesirable behaviour.
Extinction : Extinction refers to the gradual weakening as a conditioned response that causes behaviour decreasing. Conditioned behaviours eventually stop.

#### Ques 4: Which of the following is true with reference to anupalabdhi as a means of knowledge?

• -I do not cognize the pot on the table, therefore it is absent there
• -I directly perceive the absence of pot on the table
• I directly the absence of pot on the table since I do not find it to be there
• I know the absence of the pot on the table because I know its similaritv with other absences

logical Reasoning
Anupalabdhi or Abhava is a means of knowledge.
Anupalabdhi is a separate independent pramana, which literally means an opinion or an idea on any subject. Non-existence of a thing is apprehended by its non-perception. For example, I do not find the pot on the table. therefore, it is absent there.

#### Ques 5: In case the population of research is heterogeneous in nature, which of the following sampling techniques will ensure optimum representativeness of sample units?

• Simple random sampling
• Stratified random sampling
• Cluster sampling
• Systematic sampling

Research Aptitude
Stratified random sampling is a method of sampling that involves the division of a population into smaller subgroups.
In other words, divide the whole heterogeneous population into smaller groups or subpopulations such that the sampling units are homogeneous with respect to the characteristic under study between or among the subpopulation. Such population is termed as strata.
Treat each subpopulation as a separate population and draw a sample by SRS from each stratum.
Note. Stratum is singular and strata is plural.

#### Ques 6: A research scholar, while finally reporting the research results in the form of a thesis acknowledges the support of his/her supervisor in the preface. This will be treated as a:

• sheer formality
• needed formality
• superfluous act
• part of ethicality

Research Aptitude
When a research scholar, while finally reporting the research results in the form of a thesis, acknowledges the support of his/her supervisor in the preface then he follow the research ethics. It provides guidelines for the responsible conduct of research. In addition, it educates and monitors scientists conducting research to ensure a high ethical standard. It is the part of ethicality.

#### Ques 7: The smallest integer greater than 1, which is simultaneously a square and a cube of certain integers is:

• 8
• 9
• 36
• 64

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
8 is a cube of 2 but it is not a square of any integer.
9 is a square of 3 but it is not a cube of any integer.
36 is square of 6 but it is not a cube of any integer.
64 is a square of 8 and cube of 4.

#### Ques 8: A person buys 3 items for 1500 each and 2 items for 1800 each from a shopping mall. On the total bill, a discount of 10% is given. what is the average cost of the items?

• 1650
• 1458
• 1658
• 1550

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Amount of 3 items = 4500
Amount of 2 items = 3600
Total amount = 8100
Discount given = 10%
8100⨯10/100 = 810
After discount amount = 8100-810 = 7290
Average cost of each items = 7290/5 = 1458

#### Ques 9: The emphasis in memory level teaching is on which of the following? (i) Organization of thoughts and ideas (ii) Seeing of relationships among facts (iii) Systematic presentations to enable quick reproduction (iv) Critical thinking (v) mastery of correct sequencing of facts (vi) Segregating one feature from another Choose the answer from the following options.

• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (i),(iii) and (v)
• (ii),(iii) and (iv)
• (iv),(v) and (vi)

Teaching Aptitude
Memory level is the first and the thoughtful level of teaching. It induces the habit of rote memorization of facts and allows the learner to retain and to reproduce the learnt material whenever required.
In memory level teaching, the subject material is well organized and also delivered in a definite and structured way.

#### Ques 10: Swapping of encoder-decoder roles in communication happens due to:

• cognitive disruptions
• semantic noise
• feedback analysis
• weak channelization

Communication
Feedback analysis is the process of setting up objective for yourself and reviewing how you performed.
It is about listening actively, taking the time to analyse and then thinking of the best possible solutions to perform better. It produce positive criticism and allow to see what everyone can change to improve their focus and result. It brings people together and creates a healthy communication flow with the help of encoding and decoding.
Encoding means the creation of a message (which you want to communicate with other person
Decoding means interpreting the meaning of the message.

#### Ques 11: Identify the term ‘X’ in the series: 3,2,11,14,27,34,51,X

• 62
• 69
• 60
• 71

Reasoning Aptitude
N2+2, n2-2, n2 + 2, n2-2 and so on…..if we put n =1
In n2 + 2, we get (1)2+2 = 3, which is the first term.
Similarly, if we put n = 2 in n2 -2 we get,
(2)2-2 = 2 (second term)
N = 3 = (3)2 + 2 = 11
N = 4 = (4)2-2 = 14
N = 5 = (5)2 + 2 = 27
N = 6 = (6)2 – 2 = 34
N = 7 = (7)2 + 2 = 51
N = 8 = (8)2 – 2 = 62,
Which is the eighth and the required term.

#### Ques 12: Which one of the following is the characteristic feature of an argument?

• it is either valid or invalid
• it is neither valid nor invalid
• It is either true of false
• It is neither true nor false

Logical Reasoning
An argument is a series of statements of typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion. An argument shows the logical form of the statement which is interpreted. An argument has one or more premises but only one conclusion.
It shows the logic form of statement.
Premise A is B
B is C
Conclusion = A is C
These reasons are arguments.

#### Ques 13: The most characteristic feature of an adolescent learner, which determines his/her social and moral development is the:

• tendency to be away from parents
• concern for here worshipping for emulating values and standards
• mixing up with peers in the neighbourhood
• identify crisis

teaching Aptitude
Learning can be described as the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, skill values, behaviours and preferences.
There are many characteristics of an adolescent learner, which determine his/her social and moral development.
Social values
A. modeling behaviour (imitate behavior) after that of older students not necessarily that of parents and other adults.
B. Some youths, those have reached the highest level of moral development may feel passionate about their moral code, as such they may choose to participate in activities that demonstrate their moral convictions.

#### Ques 14: Classroom communication is: (i) like a computer program (ii) dictatorial (iii) purposeful (iv) pragmatic Choose the correct option from those given below.

• (i) and (iii)
• (ii) and (iii)
• (ii) and (iv)
• (iii) and (iv)

Communication
a. Purposeful communication goes beyond just under standing the exchange of these ideas and hones in on why exist. It allows an organization to think about the reason behind your communication, the most effective approach and the outcome you want to achieve.
b. pragmatic communication refers to the way in which the children use language within the social situations.
i. the ability to use language for different purposes.
ii. the ability to adapt language to meet the need of the listener of situation.

#### Ques 15: When a large number of students with different performance levels are there in the class, for uniform imparting of educative interactions, a teacher should opt for a communication, which is:

• top-down and linear
• technology-enabled
• individual-centric
• self-projected

Information and Communication Technology
Technology enabled communication can therefore be defined as the transfer of message or information with the help of various technological tools.
Communication has also become faster and less tedious. With the help of group SMS services and email facility, the students and faculty members can share news and information easily among each other at a fraction of cost.

#### Ques 16: Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A): Classroom communication is predecided by social and institutional demands. Reason (R): Positive educative actions should guide learners to acquire knowledge of social significance. Iin the light of the above statements, choose the correct option.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) Is true

Communication
There is direct relations between societal demands and communication objectives.

#### Ques 17: Which of the following teaching methodologies are contributive to direct learning? (i) Team teaching and lecturing. (ii) Simulation and role playing. (iii) Lecture with or without the use of audiovisuals. (iv) Participation in workshop and assignments. (v) MOOCs and heuristics. (vi) Interactive presentations. Choose the correct option.

• (ii),(iv) and (v)
• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (iii),(iv) and (vi)
• (iv),(v) and (vi)

Teaching Aptitude
A. Simulation and Role playing
Simulation refers to the imitation of real world activities and processes in a safe environment. Simulation aims to provide an experience as close to the very helpful to direct learning.
For example, medical simulators allow students to practice diagnosis and treatment on dummies that can react in sophisticated and fairly realistic ways.
Role playing : Role playing is a technique that allows the students to explore the realistic situations by interacting with other people in a managed way in order to develop experience and trial different strategies in a supported environment.
B. Workshop and Assignment
Workshop : A workshop is a great way for some one to learn about a particular subject by learning new projects and methods in order to better you. Attending workshops can help the students achieve success in their academic environment by utilizing these skills into practice.
Assignment : Assignment is also important for direct learning because it helps you research on your own and teach yourself.
C. MOOCs and Heuristics
MOOCs: Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) allow participants free access and unrestricted participation to any course of their choice. It is helpful to direct learning.
Heuristics method : Heuristics method is a pure discovery method of learning independent of teacher. In this, the teacher sets a problem for the students and ten stands aside while the students discover the answer.

#### Ques 18 : Classroom interactions are influenced largely by:

• students’ commitment
• teacher-centric environment
• organizational oversight
• unsolicited interventions

Communication

#### Ques 19: A 50 year old man has a son, whose age is 2/5th of his age. After how many years, the ratio of the age of the man to his son will be 5/3?

• 10 years
• 15 years
• 20 year
• 25 years

Mathematical Reasoning
Age of man = 50 years
Age of son = 50⨯2/5 = 20 years
According to questions,
(50+x) = 5/3(20+x)
150+3x = 100+5x
2x = 50
X = 25
After 25 years, the age of man will be 5/3 of his son.

#### Ques 20: Which of the following is an example of maximum performance test?

• Projective personality test
• Interest inventory
• Aptitude test
• Attitude scales

Teaching Aptitude
Example of maximum performance test is an aptitude test. It is because, it is the ability test such as measures of cognitive ability or test of a particular knowledge or skill as like in the aptitude test we test a job candidate’s abilities to perform specify task and react to a range of different situations.

#### Ques 21: Which of the following statistical technique will be appropriate for data analysis, when the observations are available in the form of frequencies?

• Parametric ‘t’ test
• Non-parametric ‘u’ test
• Non-parametric ‘chi-square’ test
• Parametric correlated ‘t’ test

Research Aptitude
The chi square test is intended to test how likely it is that a reserved distribution as due to chance. It is also called a ‘goodness of fit’ statistic because it measures how well the observed distribution of date fits with the distribution that is expected, if the variables are independent.

#### Ques 22: if the length of the side of a square (5.0 cm⨯5.0 cm) is increased by 1%, then the area of the square gets increased by what %?

• 1%
• 2%
• 2.5%
• 4%

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Length of square = 5.0 cm
Area = 5⨯5 = 25 cm2
Increase in length = 1% = 0.05 cm
Now length of square = 5.05 cm
Area = 5.05⨯5.05 = 25.5025 cm2
Difference in area = 25.5025-25
= 0.5025 cm2
% increase in area = 0.5025/25 ⨯100
= 2.01
= 2%
Short Cut method:
In case quantities are being multiplied. They are increasing by x and y percentages, then the following formula can be used to find the total percentage increase.
Total increase = x + y + xy / 100
= 1 + 1 + (1 x 1)/100 = 2.01%

#### Ques 23: Consider the following statements. (i) Middle term should be distributed in at least one premise. (ii) Middle term should be present in the conclusion. (iii) Both premises can be particular in a valid argument. (iv) Both premises can be negative in a valid argument. Choose the correct option from the following.

• (iii) and (iv)
• Only (iii)
• Only (i)
• (ii) and (iii)

Logical Reasoning
Middle term should be distributed in atleast one premise.

#### Ques 24: “if it rains, then the drought will end. The drought has ended. Therefore, it rained’. What kind of fallacy does this commit?

• Deductive fallacy
• Inductive fallacy
• Abductive fallacy
• Informal fallacy

Logical reasoning
Deductive (formula) fallacies occur when the conclusion doesn’t follow the premise. These are often referred to as non-sequiturs or conclusions that have nothing to do with initial claims. A deductive argument often follows the following pattern.
i. All dogs have legs.
ii. Tiny is a dog.
Therefore, Tiny has legs.

#### Ques 25: In which of the following steps of research, the scope for creativity and imagination is utmost ?

• Identifying the research problem and defining It
• Figuring out the related studies and the techniques used by other researchers
• Identifying variables and hypothesising
• Data analysis and presentation of results

Research Aptitude
It is the third of research, when we identifying variables and hypothesizing. Working hypotheses is tentative assumption made in order to draw out and test its logical and empirical consequences. They also effect the manner, in which test must be conducted in the analysis of data which is required for the analysis.

Comprehension
Consider the following table that shows the amount of exports (in crore) from three different companies namely, A, B and C over the years 2012-2018. Based on the data in the table, answer the questions 26-30.
Year-wise Amount of Exports from Companies

#### Ques 26: In how many of the given years, were the export from company A more than its average annual exports over the given years ?

• 2
• 3
• 4
• 5

Total export of company A = 540
Average annual export of company
A = 540/7 = 77.14
In 2015, total export is more than its average, similarly, in 2016 and 2018, the total export is more than it average = 3 years.

#### Ques 27: For which of the following pairs of years, the total exports from the three companies, when put together are equal ?

• 2014 and 2017
• 2015 and 2017
• 2016 and 2017
• 2014 and 2015

total export from the three companies in
2014 = 50 + 70 + 130 = 250
2015 = 80 + 70 + 100 = 250
2016 = 110 + 90 + 70 = 270
2017 = 60 + 110 + 90 = 260
Therefore, in 2015 and 2015, the exports are equal.

#### Ques 28: What was the difference between the average exports of three companies in 2017 and the average exports of three companies in 2012?

• 15.33 cores
• 18.67 crores
• 25 crores
• 20 crores

in 2012, average export of three companies
=
In 2017, average export =
Difference in average export
= 86.67-66.67 = 20 crores

#### Ques 29: Average annual amount exports during the given period for company B is approximately what % of the average annual amount of exports for company C?

• 89.64%
• 91.21%
• 94.03%
• 93.33%

Average annual export of company
B = 630/7 = 90 crores
Average annual export of company
C = = 95.71 = crores
According to questions, 90/95.71⨯100 = 94.03%
So, B is approximately 94.03% of the average annual amount of C.

#### Ques 30: In which year, the absolute difference between the exports from companies A and B was the minimum ?

• 2013
• 2014
• 2015
• 2016

In 2013, difference between export from company A and B = 70-50 = 20 crores
In 2014, difference between export from company A and B = 70-50 = 20 crores
In 2015, difference between export from company A and B = 80-70 = 10 crores
In 2016, difference between export from company A and B = 110-90 = 20 crores
Therefore, in 2015, the difference is minimum.

#### Ques 31: In the age of for vedas, the students were admitted to the vedic schools after the performance of which of the following ceremonv ?

• Upanayana ceremony
• Utsarjana ceremony
• Satapatha brahmana ceremony
• Dhanurvidya ceremony

Logical Reasoning
Upanayana is one of the traditional samskaras that marked the acceptance of a student by a teacher or tutor and individual’s entrance to a school. This ceremony should be done before the age of 12.
Upanayana is an elaborate ceremony that includes rituals involving the family, the child and the teacher. A boy receives and wears a sacred thread during this ceremony named, ‘yajno pavitam’. The yajno pavitam ceremony announces that the child had entered into formal education.

#### Ques 32: Which of the following communication technologies employ only asynchronous communication ? (i) Video conferencing. (ii) Email. (iii) Forums. (iv) Instant messaging. Choose the correct options.

• Only (i) and (iii)
• Only (ii) and (iv)
• Only (ii) and (iii)
• Only (i) and (iv)

Communication
Asynchronous communication is the exchange of message such as among the hosts on a network or devices in a computer by reading and responding as schedules permit, rather than according to some clock that is synchronized for both the sender and receiver or in real time.
Most communications between devices within computers (between the CPU and disk drives) and between computers and external devices (for example, email, discussion board and text messaging over cell phones (forum).

#### Ques 33: Select the option that includes the file formats suitable for distributing sound files across the internet.

• wmv, mp4, wma, mp3
• avi, midi, wav, mp3
• avi, mov, wmv, mp3
• midi, wav, wma, mp3

Information and Communication Technology
MIDI = Musical Instrument Digital Interface
WAV = Waveform Audio File Format
WMA = Windows Media Audio
MP3 = MP3 is a coding format for digital audio
These are audio file formats.

#### Ques 34: Which of the following is/are major arising out of the growing reliance on information technology ? (i) Profitability. (ii) Security threats. (iii) Privacy concerns. Choose the correct options.

• Only (i) and (ii)
• Only (i) and (iii)
• Only (ii) and (iii)
• (i),(ii) and (iii)

Information and Communication technology
Security threats and privacy concerns are the major issues out of the growing reliance on information technology.
Privacy concerns with social networking services is a subset of data privacy involving the right of mandating personal privacy concerning storing, re-purposing, provision to third parties and displaying of information pertaining to oneself via the internet.

#### Ques 35: Biomass fuels have the potential to form a sustainable carbon-neutral energy source because they:

• Produce carbon dioxide on combustion as much as they consume they grow
• produce less amount of carbon dioxide on combustion compared to the amount they use during their growth
• have carbon content same as fossil fuels
• do not produce hazardous emissions on combustion

People, Development and Environment
Biomass releases carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, However, the plants that are the sources of biomass for energy capture almost the same amount of CO2 through photosynthesis while growing as is released when biomass is burned which can make biomass a carbonneutal energy source. For example, declaring that biomass energy is carbon neutral because biomass is naturally carbon neutral does not account of GHG emissions released due to management of crops grown for energy production. For example, fertilizer.

#### Ques 36: Which among the following natural hazards has relatively slow onset?

• Volcanic eruptions
• Droughts
• Wildires
• Lan and slides

People, Development and Environment
A drought or drouth is an event of prolonged shortages in the water supply, surface water or ground water. A drought can last for months or years, or may be declared after as few as 15 days.

#### Ques 37: Which one of the following represents the correct order of sequence for reading skills in the context of research ?

• Read, questions, recall, review, survey
• Questions, survey, read, recall, review
• Recall, review, survey, question, read
• Survey, question, read, recall, review

Research Aptitude
First survey is decided as data collection technique. Questions are asked and read. Some recall may be necessary for error minimization. The last step here is review.

#### Ques 38: Major sources of oxygen demanding waste in freshwater systems are: (i) agricultural runoff (ii) food processing (iii) ore mining (iv) sewage effluent (v) landfill sites Choose the correct options from the following.

• (i),(iv) and (v)
• (ii),(iv) and (v)
• (i),(ii) and (vi)
• (i),(ii),(iii) and (iv)

People, Development and Environment
Agricultural Runoff is water sent from farm fields due to irrigation, rain, or melted snow. This runoff water can contain fertilizers, pesticides, animal waste, or soil particles, which can enter and contaminate sources of drinking water. Agricultural Runoff has been a growing issue for lakes and rivers for oxygen demand.
In food processing industry, organic matter at their places may demand higher oxygen.
Sewage effluents are also rich in organic matter.

#### Ques 39: In order to meet the demands of market economy and produce competent graduates, who can compete with their counterparts in international markets, the first and foremost change that needs to be introduced in the prevailing system of Indian higher education is related to:

• curriculum
• educational technology
• appointment of teachers

Higher Education System
A curriculum is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process, the term often refers specifically to a planned sequence of instruction or to a view of the student experiences in terms of the educator or college instructional goals.

#### Ques 40: Which among the following is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship implemented by National Skills Development Corporation ?

• Robotics India
• Artificial Intelligence @ schools
• Make in India
• Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Higher Eduactions System
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. The objective of this skill certification scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry relevant skill training that will help them is securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under the recognition of prior learning.

#### Ques 41: Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct? (i) For the sequence of integers represented in binary as 00111, 01011, P,…., the next integer P would be represented as 01101. (ii) A byte is a binary number consisting of exactly 8 bits. Choose the correct option.

• Only (i)
• Only (ii)
• Both (i) and (ii)
• Neither (i) nor (ii)

Information and Communication Technology
a. In binary 00111 is 7 in decimal
01001 = 9
01011 = 11
So next term is 13, which is 01101 in binary
P = 01101
b. A binary digit is called a bit. There are two possible states in a bit usually expressed as 0 and 1.A series of eight bits (a string together) makes a byte.

#### Ques 42: Under Kyoto protocol, the parties, in the second commitment period, have to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions with reference to 1990 levels by at least:

• 10%
• 12%
• 15%
• 18%

People, Development and Environment
Under Kyoto protocol, the parties in the second commitment period have to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions with reference to 1990 levels by at least 18%.

#### Ques 43: Which of the following is a renewable natural resource ?

• Biological diversity
• Tin
• Natural gas
• Salt

People, Development and Environment
It is a type of natural resource that can be replenished or takes a rather short period of time for nature to produce to sustain the rate of consumption. This type of natural resource is easier to reproduce or replenish.

#### Ques 44: match List I with List II. Choose the correct option. Code:

• (iv),(iii),(ii),(i)
• (i),(ii),(iv),(iii)
• (ii),(iv),(i),(iii)
• (iii),(i),(ii),(iv)

Teaching Aptitue
a. Elaborative interrogation: it is a strategy for enhancing memory during the process of learning. In this method, the learning reads the fact to be remembered and generates an explanation for it. The learning uses questions like why? And how?, to understand the meaning of the information.
b. Practice testing refers to any form of testing for learning. Which a student is able to do on their own. Examples of this technique include practicing. Recall through flash cards or completing practice problems or tests.
c. Self-explanation keeps an eye on the process of working out a solution to a problem.
d. interleaving practice is a process where, students mix or interleave, multiple subjects or topics, while they study in order to improve their learning.

#### Ques 45: Match List I with List II in the context of computer networking. Choose the correct option. Code:

• (iv),(i),(ii),(iii)
• (ii),(i),(iv),(iii)
• (ii),(iii),(iv),(i)
• (iv),(iii),(ii),(i)

Information and Communication Technology
a. VOIP : Voice over Internet Protocol also called IP telephony is a method and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communication and multimedia sessions over internet protocol network such as the internet.
b. fiber optic cable also known as an optical fiber cable is an assembly similar to an electrical cable but containing one or more optical fibers that are used to carry light.
c. URL : Uniform Resource Locator. It is also known as web address, when it is used with http.URL is a specific character string that is used to access data from the World Wide Web.

Comprehension
Anyone, who has ever been in a classroom, where the teacher’s presentation was lifeless, static and without vocal variety can appreciate the commonsense value of the affective side of teaching. However, unlike the other behaviour, affect cannot be captured in transcripts of teaching or by classroom interaction instruments, narrowly focused research instruments often miss a teacher’s affective nature, which emerges from a more holistic view of the classroom. This affective nature is the foundation on which, one can build a warm and nurturing relationship with his or her learness. What the instruments miss, the students see clearly. Students are good perceivers of the emotions and intentions underlying a teacher’s actions and they often respond accordingly. A teacher, who is excited about the subject being taught and shows it by facial expressions, voice inflection, gesture and movement-is more likely to hold the attention of students and motivate them to higher levels of achievement than one who does not exhibit these behaviours. Students take their engagement with the lesson accordingly. Excitement is the teacher’s vigour, power, involvement, excitement and interest during a classroom presentation and willingness to share this emotion with learners, who will want to respond in kind.

#### Ques 46: When does one feel the need for the value of affective aspects of teaching.

• When a teacher has a vocal variety
• When a teacher makes a dynamic presentation
• When a teacher’s presentation is monotonous
• When a teacher’s lecture is beyond expectation

When a teacher’s presentation is monotonous

#### Ques 47: Students respect a teacher, who:

• is emotional
• Displays concern for students
• has a powerful voice
• has narcissistic attitude

Displays concern for students

#### Ques 48: The affective nature of teaching is reflected in:

• deeper understanding of the classroom environment
• other behaviours of the teacher
• The recording of classroom interaction
• the limited reliance on research instruments

deeper understanding of the classroom environment

#### Ques 49: The affective signs will provide students:

• the basis for understanding contents
• exhibitional behaviours
• cues to hold attention
• a basis which triggers further enthusiasm

a basis which triggers further enthusiasm

#### Ques 50: The passage focusses attention on:

• lifeless classroom presentation
• affective factors of teaching
• students as emotional learners
• measuring teacher’s affective nature

affective factors of teaching

Updated: July 19, 2022 — 9:09 pm