NTA UGC NET Paper 1 June 2019

NTA UGC NET Paper 1 June 2019 : Here are the following NTA UGC NET Paper 1 along with answer keys (solved). The exam which was held on 26th June 2019 (Morning Shift). The answer keys are as per the revised answer keys release after grievances by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

NTA UGC NET Paper 1 June 2019

1. This paper consists of Fifty (50) objective type questions of Two (2) marks each.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Each item has four alternative responses marked (a),(b),(c) and (d). you have to darken the circle as indicated below on the correct response against each item.
Example : (a)(b)(c)(d) where (c) is correct response.
4. your responses to the items are to be indicated in the OMR Sheete given at the end of the book.
5. Read instructions provided with each question carefully.
6. There are no negative marks for incorrect answers.Date Interpretation
The following table presents the data on the number of vehicles of three different types (A,B and C) produced by a company during saven different years, i.e., from 2012 to 2018. Based on the table, answer the questions from 1 to 5.
Year-wise production of Three Types of Vehicles

Ques 1: The research design is a specifically related to which of the following features in research ?
(i) Sample selection
(ii) Formulation of a plan
(iii) Deciding about the tool data collection
(iv) Hypothesis making
(v) Choice of a field of inquiry
Select your answer from the options below:

  • (ii),(iii) and (iv)
  • (i), (ii) and (iii)
  • (ii),(iv) and (v)
  • (iii),(iv) and (v)

Research Aptitude
A research design is the logical and systematic planning and directions for the activities regarding data collection, analysis and presentation of fact in a research. It guides not only for the data collection methods but also supplies the essential tools to be used for data analysis and criteria for decision-making. There are three main sections of research design: Data collection. Measurement and analysis.

Ques 2: Which among the following best describes the emotional intelligence of learners ?
(i) Understand the emotions of other people and your own
(ii) Express oneself very strongly
(iii) Being rational in thinking
(iv) Adjusting one’s emotion as per situation
(v) Accepting other people to criticism
(vi) Accepting other people as they are
Choose your answer from the options given below:

  • (i), (iv) and (v)
  • (iv), (v) and (v)
  • (i), (ii) and (iii)
  • (ii), (iii) and (iv)

teaching Aptitude
Emotional intelligence is different from general or common intelligence. It’s the ability of an individual to monitor their own emotions, to monitor the emotions of others, to understand the differences between them, and to use all of this information in order to guide their actions. This is about accurately understanding the actions. This is about accurately understanding the emotions of oneself an others, an well as expressing emotions in a way that’s accessible.
A high level of emotional intelligence is an essential aspect of learning. The ability to develop the skill of emotional understanding is a driver not only in the realm of relationships but also in the realm of education. The following four dimensions of emotional intelligence can help teachers and administrators to better understand and support student learning.
(1) Understanding
(2) Management
(3) Empathy
(4) Relationships
Thus, other choices are automatically eliminated.

Ques 3: Who developed the theory of ‘Multiple Intelligence ?

  • Alfred Binet
  • L. Thurstone
  • Charles Spearman
  • Howard Gardener

Teaching Aptitude
The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific ‘modalities’, rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability. Howard Gardner proposed this model in his 1983 book Frames of Mind. The Theory of Multiple intelligences.

Ques 4: Which of the following is a plagiarism checking website?

  • http://go.turnitin.com
  • http://www.researchgate.com
  • http://www.editiorial.elsevier.com
  • http://www.grammarly.com

Research Aptitude
Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgement. All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition.
In India, Shodhganga tries to overcome the serious problem of duplication of research and poor quality resulting from the ‘poor visibility’ and the ‘unseen’ factor in research output. Two plagiarism detection platform, namely, ‘iThenticate’ and ‘Turnitin’ are being made accessible to 100 universities with made available by the University Grants Commission.

Ques 5: Which of the following statement explain the concepts of inclusive teaching ?

  • Teacher facilitates the learning of the gifted students
  • Teacher facilitates the learning of the weak students
  • Teacher takes support of parents of the student to make them learn
  • Teacher makes the students of different background to learn together in the same class

Teaching Aptitude
Inclusive teaching describes the range of approaches to teaching that consider the diverse needs and backgrounds of all students to create a learning environment where all students feel valued and where all students have equal access to learn. It is our social and ethical responsibility as well.

Ques 6: In which of the following research studies, interpretation and meaning get more attention than formulation of generalization ?
(i) Historical studies
(ii) Survey studies
(iii) Philosophical studies
(iv) Ethnographic studies
(v) Hypothetico-deductive studies
(vi) Ex post facto studies
Choose your answer from the options given below :

  • (i),(ii) and (iii)
  • (iv),(v) and (vi)
  • (ii),(iv) and (v)
  • (i),(iii) and (iv)

Research Aptitude
In case we look at the question statement, it is about deductive-qualitative research. Thus, option (d) is the right answer. We want to focus on ‘specific’ interpretations rather than on generalizations.
In ex post facto study or after-the-fact research is a category of research design in which the investigation starts after the fact has occurred without interference from the researcher. Thus, it is a quantitative.
To put it simply, philosophy explains an individuals or a groups worldview in general or in a specific context. Such questions as the nature of knowledge, reality, and existence are questions that philosophy tries to answer. Survey is also more about focus on present situation.

Ques 7: To organize discussion method in teaching effectively, which of the following conditions should be met ?
(i) Topic be easy
(ii) Topic be declared in advance
(iii) Topic of common interest
(iv) Availability of more than one teacher
(v) Language facility of participants
Select appropriate answer from the options given below:

  • (ii),(iii) and (v)
  • (i),(ii) and (iii)
  • (i),(ii) and (v)
  • (iii),(iv) and (v)

Teaching Aptitude
Topic should not be necessarily easy. The role of a teacher is more of moderator or facilitator.
Topic is always announced in advance and should be of common interest so that all participants can speak on it. The people should have language skills that others are familiar with for the sake of participation.

Ques 8: Bibliography given in a research report

  • Helps those interested in further research
  • Shows the vast knowledge of the researcher
  • Makes the report authentic
  • Is an optional part of the report

Research Aptitude
Bibliography helps those people who are interested in further research. In addition, for any research paper, writing a bibliography is essential to preventing any accusations of plagiarism, and to give fair credit to the work of previous authors in the field.

Ques 9: Through which research method, the manipulation of an independent variable and its effect on dependent variable is examined with reference to a hypothesis under controlled conditions ?

  • Ex post facto research
  • Descriptive research
  • Case study research
  • Experimental research

Research Aptitude
Questions statement can directly be taken as the definition of experimental research. We can look at the following points also for experimental research.
(1) manipulate the independent variable
(2) compares the groups in terms of the dependent variable
(3) assures that only the IV causes the change in the DV if this is accomplished then the experiment has internal validity
(4) minimizes cofounding variables any variable that varies along with the IV
(5) uses randomization
(6) uses experimente control

Ques 10: From the list of the effective teaching behaviours, identify those which are called key behaviours.
(i) Direct, audible and oral delivery to all students
(ii) Encouraging students to elaborate on an answer
(iii) Warm and nurturing relationships with learners
(iv) Varying modes of presentation
(v) Preventing misbehaviour with a minimum of class disruption
(vi) Organizing what is to come and summarizing what has gone before
Select your answer from the options given below:

  • (i),(iv) and (v)
  • (i),(ii) and (iii)
  • (ii),(iii) and (iv)
  • (iv),(v) and (vi)

Teaching Aptitude
Five key behaviour for effective teaching and some indicators pertaining to them are the following.
(1) Lesson clarity: Logical, step-by-step order; clear and audible delivery free of distracting mannerisms.
(2) Instructional variety: Variability in instructional materials, questioning, types of feedback, and teaching strategies.
(3) Task orientation: Achievement (content) orientation as opposed to process orientation, maximum content coverage, and time devoted to instruction.
(4) Student engagement: Limiting opportunities for distraction and getting students to work on, think trough, and inquire about the content.
(5) Success rate: 60% to 70% of time spent on tasks that afford moderate-to-high levels of success, especially during expository or didactic instruction.

Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 10 to 15.
Michelangelo is famous for having successfully interpreted the human body. His great achievement is that of painting of David whose hands reach out as a sign of human capability and potential. It is assumed that the time he lived was ripe for exchange of knowledge, development in science and matured enough to advance the horizon of investigation in all fields. Renaissance humanism stressed on a serious rethink on the nature of art that focused on accurate details. In painting and sculpture, artists focused on not so casual but verifiable and minute details. Michelangelo’s paintings are not exception to it. In a study published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, a group of surgeons are of the opinion that the great master was afflicted by an illness involving his joints. They have used his portraits as evidence to argue their view. During his life, he complained of what he felt to be gout. Later he complained of his sore and stiff hands which the doctors would find to be natural for someone who was engage in handmade art. The doctors found corroboration of those claims in portraits of the artist that show a hanging left hand with but degenerative and non-degenerative change. They attribute the pain not just to arthritis, but to the stress of hammering and chiseling and note that though the master was seen hammering days before his death at an old age, he did not write or sign his own letters before his death. In recent times, there have been attempts to diagnose famous artists with diseases that were not known during their time. This practice has raised many questions especially on the issue of ethics in research. It is also inferred from authentic analysis that Michelangelo persisted in his work until his last days. This theory would emphasize that his artistic subject defied his physical infirmities.

Ques 11: Renaissance painting in Europe was sceptical of

  • The obsessive medieval method of accuracy
  • The classical simplicity and lack of control
  • The case and decorative excess of earlier art
  • Expressionist technique

The case and decorative excess of earlier art

Ques 12: Michelangelo lived during a time that lets us know that

  • Human aspirations are limitless and open to vistas of knowledge
  • Cross-cultural exchange in ideas is the only way for human progress
  • it is progress of science and anatomy that contributes to civilizations exclusively
  • Human beings possess language which is the only key to knowledge

Human aspirations are limitless and open to vistas of knowledge

Ques 13: What actually may be concluded from the above passage?

  • Physical infirmities do dissuade people with capabilities from excelling
  • Excellence in any form triumphs over extraneous factors including physical ailments
  • Michelangelo’s gout and other ailment s lessened his efficiency
  • the diseases Michelangelo faced were due to con stant hammering

Excellence in any form triumphs over extraneous factors including physical ailments

Ques 14: The controversy that the passage above refers to is whether

  • Michelangelo worked under duress
  • Michelangelo could contain his physical infirmity by artistic excellence
  • Michelangelo submitted to disease
  • Michelangelo survived different diseases before pursuing art

Michelangelo could contain his physical infirmity by artistic excellence

Ques 15: what generalizations do people subscribe to ?

  • Establishing facts by DNA test
  • Inferring the essence of character from famous people’s handwritingd
  • Carbon daring of the hair of celebrities to draw conclusions on their physical structure
  • To retroactively diagnose famous artists and public figures of conditions that were not prevalent during their time

To retroactively diagnose famous artists and public figures of conditions that were not prevalent during their time

Ques 16: ‘All republic are grateful’ and ‘Some republics are not grateful’ cannot both be true, and they cannot both be false. This is called as

  • Contraries(A)
  • Contradictories
  • Subaltern
  • Superaltern

Logical Reasoning
‘Every S is P’ and ‘Some S is not P’ are contradictories. Some theories of logic consider not only oppositions between propositions but also oppositions between terms (‘well’ and ‘not well’; ‘moral’ and immoral) as contradictories.
Two categorical propositions are contradictories if they are opposed in both quantity and quality; i.e., if one is universal (every) and the other particular (some) and one an affirmation and the other a denial.

Ques 17: If the proposition ‘Houses are not bricks’ is taken to be false then which of the following propositions can be true ?
(i) All houses are bricks
(ii) No house is brick
(iii) Some houses are bricks
(iv) Some houses are not bricks
Select the correct answer from the options below:

  • (ii) and (iii)
  • (i) and (iv)
  • (ii) only
  • (iii) only

Logical Reasoning
‘Houses are not bracks’ is false thus, ‘houses are bricks’ is true. If all houses are bricks is true. Some is part of all, so’ some houses are bricks’ is true.

Ques 18 : Given below are two premises with four conclusions draw from them. Which of the following conclusions could be validly drawn from the premises ?
Premises :
(i) No paper is pen
(ii) Some paper are handmade
Conclusions :
(1) All paper are handmade
(2) Some handmade are pen
(3) Some handmade are not pen
(4) All handmade are paper

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Logical Reasoning

Ques 19: Oar is to rowboat as foot is to

  • Running
  • Sneaker
  • Skateboard
  • Jumping

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
An oar is an implement used for water-borne propulsion. Oars have a flat blade at one end. Rowers grasp the oar at the other end.
A skateboard is a short narrow board with two small wheels fixed to the bottom of either end, on which a person can ride in a standing or crouching positions, propelling themselves by occasionally pushing one foot against the ground.

Ques 20: Identify the reasoning in the following argument:
‘Use of teaching aids in the classroom to enhance learning is important in a similar way as that the use of ICT for production of knowledge’

  • Hypothetical
  • Analogical
  • Inductive
  • Deductive

Logical Reasoning
Both parts of the sentence are about some ‘use’ and ‘as’ is there in between these two parts. Tus, it is a analogical statement.
In general we can find the following uses of analogy.
(1) Analogies are used in explaining new concepts.
(2) The use of analogy is also in making predictions within domains.
(3) Analogy is also important in creativity and scientific discovery, as discussed later.
(4) Finally, analogy is used in communication and persuasion.

Ques 21: Choose the correct sequence of communication from the options given below :

  • Information-exposure-persuasion-behavioural change
  • Persuasion-information-behavioural change-exposure
  • Exposure-information-persuasion-behavioural change
  • Behavioural change-information-persuasion-exposure

Exposure means we get some messages from surroundings, some information is generated as a result information leads to a kind of persuasion or motivation and ultimately, it should result in the change of our behaviour.

Ques 22: Today’s media-society equation is largely

  • Mystical
  • Morally bound
  • Consumer conscious
  • Tradition centric

Media has become a popular vehicle for marketers in promoting their corporation, products and services, specifically in highly individualized and privatized society.

Ques 23: Which of the following is a function of mass media ?

  • To transmit culture
  • To formulate national policies
  • To help the judiciary tame its decisions
  • To stabilize the share marke

Mass communication is a process of disseminating messages to a large number of audiences through some forms of technology at a time. And some forms of technology used to disseminate messages is the mass media.
Mass media are the means of public communication reaching to the large, scattered, heterogeneous and anonymous audience at the same time. Mass media have been proved a boon to human society. Nothing has influenced the lives of modern men as the mass media have.
Mass media functions can be divided into following two parts: General and Specific.

Under general functions, the following are important.
(1) Information: Information is knowledge and knowledge is power. Mass media offers authentic and timely facts. Information provided by mass media can be opinionated, objective, subjective, primary and secondary. Informative functions of mass media also lets the audience knows about the happening around them and come to the truth.
(2) Education : Education is defined as a sort of cultural transmission. Media have been successful in eradicating various traditional and evil superstitious practices from society through continuous advocacy. Media tries to educate people directly or indirectly using different forms of content. Distance education program, for example, is a direct approach. Dramas, documentaries, interviews, feature stories and many other program are prepared to educate people indirectly especially in the developing country, mass media is used as effective tools for mass awareness.
Then we have ‘entertainment’ and ‘persuasion’ functions. Persuasion involves making influence on others mind. Media content builds opinions and sets agendas in the public mind. It influences voters, changes attitudes and moderates behaviour. Using editorials, articles, commentaries and among others, mass media persuades audience.
The main specific functions of mass media are as follows:
(1) Surveillance: Surveillance denotes observation. Here observation means to watch the society closely. The function of mass media is to observe the society closely and continuously. Warning surveillance occurs when the media informs us about threats from huricanes, erupting volcanoes, increasing deforestation, drug abuse, girls trafficking.
(2) Interpretation: Unlike reporting, interpretation functions provided knowledge. News analysis, commentaries, editiorials, and columns are some examples of interpretative contents.
(3) Kinkage: the function of mass media is to join together different elements of society that are not directly connected. For instance. Mass advertising attempts to link the needs of buyers with the products of sellers.
(4) Socialization: Socialization is the transmission of culture. Media are the reflectors of society. They socialize people, especially children and new-comers. Socialization is a process by which, people are made to behave in ways that are acceptable in their culture or society. Through this process, we learn how to become a member of our society r human society in greater sense. Whenever a person reads newspaper or watches television, individual knows how people react on matters and what types of norms and values they perceive on particular event, issue or situation.
Through the process of socialization, media help to shape our behaviours, conducts, attitudes and beliefs. The process of socialization brings people close and ties them into single unity.
The four functions of mass media are: surveillance, correlation, cultural transmission and entertainment. It many ways the four function of mass media are still relevant and transferable to contemporary media.

Ques 24: The dance of the honeybee conveying to other bees where nectar will be found is an example of

  • Mass communication
  • Group communication
  • Interpersonal communication
  • Intrapersonal communication

‘Dancing of honeybee’ is a kind of group communication of members of same community.

Ques 25: The proposition ‘No historians are non-mathematician’ is equivalent to which of the following proposition?

  • All historians are mathematicians
  • No historians are mathematicians
  • Some historians are mathematicians
  • Some historians are not mathematicians

Logical Reasoning
‘No historians non-mathematicians’ is a negative proposition. If converted in normal standard way it will become ‘All historians are mathematicians’

Ques 26: In a new budget, the price of petrol rose by 25%. By how much per cent must a person reduce his consumption so that his expenditure on it does not increase ?

  • 10%
  • 15%
  • 20%
  • 25%

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
New petrol price/old petrol price = 100 + 25/100 = 5/4
To reduce it to same level, it should be multiplied by 4/5, it means 80%. So, consumption should be decreased by (100-80) or 20%.

Ques 27: In a classroom situation, a teacher organises group discussion to help arrive at a solution of a problem. In terms of a model of communication used, it will be called

  • A transactional model
  • An interaction model
  • A horizontal model
  • A linear model

The transactional model is a continuous model, it helps in solution of problems through discussions also as given in the diagram below:

Ques 28: For all integers y>1,{y} = 2y + (2y-1) + (2y-2) + ….+ 1.
What is the value of {3}⨯{2} where ⨯ is a multiplication operator ?

  • 116
  • 210
  • 263
  • 478

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
{y} = 2y + (2y-1) + (2y-2) + ………. + 1
{3} = 2(3) + (2⨯3-1)+(2⨯3-2)+(2⨯3-3) + (2⨯3-4)+(2⨯3-5)
= 6+5+4+3+2+1
= 21
{2} = 2(2) + (2⨯2-1)+(2⨯2-2)+(2⨯2-3)
= 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 10
Thus, {3} ⨯ {2} = 21⨯10 = 210
Method – 2
{y} + (2y-1) + (2y-2) + ……….+1
This is the sum of first 2y positive integers.
Sum of first n positive integers = n(n+1)/2
Sum of first 2y positive integers = 2y (2y+1)/2 = y(2y+1)
{3} = 3(2⨯3+1) = 21
{2} = 2(2⨯2+1) = 10
Thus, {3}⨯{2} = 21⨯10 = 210

Ques 29: A sum of money doubles at compound interest in 6 years. In how many years will it become 16 times ?

  • 16 years
  • 24 years
  • 48 years
  • 96 years

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Here, we should know, in how much time, a principal 100 will become 1600 at compound rate of interest. 100 become 200 in 6 years.
The same amount will become 400 in 12 years or (6+6 years)
And 800 will become double up to 1600 in another six years at the same rate of interest. It means total time will be 18+6 = 24 years.

Ques 30: If 152 is divide into four parts proportional to 3,4,5 and 7, then the smallest part is

  • 29
  • 26
  • 25
  • 24

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
The smallest part = 3 / (3+4+5+7) X = 152 = 3/19 X = 152 = 24
Questions 31-35 are from data interpretation.

Comprehension :
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions from 31-35.
Consider the following table that shows the number (in lakhs) of different size of LED television sets sold by a company over the last seven years from 2012 to 2018. Answer the questions based on the data contained in the table.

Ques 31: What was the approximate percentage increase/decrease In the sales of 32-inch LED television sets in 2017 compared to that in 2013?

  • 36%
  • 56%
  • 57%
  • 64%

increase = 175-112 = 63
Required percentage = 63/112⨯100 = 56.25%

Ques 32: For which size LED Television sets is the total sales of all the seven year the maximum?

  • 22-inch Television
  • 24-inch Television
  • 32-inch Television
  • 49-inch Television

the total sales of LED TV 22n inches over 7 years (in lakhs) = 85+100+106+115+100+115+125 = 764
Total sales of LED 32n TVs (in lakhs) = 971
Total sales of LED 40n TVs (in lakhs) = 671
Total sales of LED 49n TVs (in lakhs) = 869
Maximum sales is 971 for LED 32n TVs.

Ques 33: For which LED Television sets is the total sales of all the seven year minimum ?

  • 22-inch Television
  • 24-inch Television
  • 49-inch Television
  • 40-inch television

Referring solution of 32.
Lowest sale is of 671 in case of 40n LED TVs.

Ques 34: What is the difference in the number of 40-inch Television sets sold in 2013 and 2018 ?

  • 1,600,000
  • 1,500,000
  • 15,000,000
  • 16,000,000

Difference = 110-94 = 16 lakhs or 1,600,000

Ques 35: What is the total sale of Television sets of size 49-inch (in lakhs) over all the seven years?

  • 912
  • 896
  • 879
  • 869

We can again refer to solution of questions 32.
Lowest sale is of 671 in case of 40n LED TVs.

Ques 36: In the last few year, India has been affected by which of all the following tropical cyclones ?

  • Gaja, Hudhud, Bhima
  • Hudhud, Bhima, Ockhi
  • Gaja, Hudhud, Ockhi
  • Gaja, Bhima, Ockhi

People, Development and Environment
Cyclone Gaja (2018) hit the Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and some parts of coastal Puducherry with heavy rainfall in Cuddalore and Pamban.
Cyclone Hudhud (2014) was a strong tropical cyclone, done damage to Visakhapatnam city of Andhra Pradesh. Visakhapatna, or Vizag along with Odisha was mostly affected by hudhud.
Cyclone Ockhi (2017) from the Arabian Sea affected mainland India along with coastal areas of kerala, Tamil Nadu Gujarat.

Ques 37: Assertion (A) : Methemoglobinemia is a condition in which blood is not able to carry and deliver enough oxygen to the body.
Reason (R): Consuming drinking water with high nitrate level may cause methemoglobinemia.
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

  • Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  • Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
  • (A) is true, but (R) is false
  • (A) is false, but (R) is true

People, Development and Environment
Both assertion and reason are true.
In addition, normally one to two per cent of a person’s hemoglobin is methemoglobin; a higher percentage than this can be genetic or caused by exposure to various chemicals and depending on the level can cause health problems known as methemoglobinemia.
Amyl nitrite is administered to treat cyanide poisoning. It works by converting hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which allows for the binding of cyanide and the formation of cyanomethemoglobin.

Ques 38: Select the option that shows the storage devices in order of capacity from lowest to highest

  • CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Blu-ray
  • Blu-ray, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM
  • CD-ROM, Blu-ray, DVD-ROM,
  • CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Blu-ray,

Information and Communication Technology
A standard CD-ROM disc can store up to 700 MB of data, or 80 minutes worth of audio.
A standard DVD can hold up to 4.7 GB of data. Dual layer DVDs, can hold about 8.5-8.7 GB of data which is still much less than even the smallest Blu-ray discs.
Blu-ray disc can hold about 25GB (gigabytes) of data. Dual layer Blu-ray discs can hold as much as 50 GB of data. The larger storage capacity of a Blu-ray disc is a clear advantage over standard DVDs, allowing higher quality of video and audio to be stored.

Ques 39: Which of the following are priority areas in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals ?
(a) No poverty
(b) Zero hunger
(c) Reducing urbanization
(d) Peace, justice and strong institutions
Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

  • (i),(ii),(iii)
  • (i),(iii),(iv)
  • (ii),(iii),(iv)
  • (i),(ii),(iv)

People, Development and Environment
Sustainable Development Goals are a collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015 for the year 2030.
(1) No Poverty
(2) Zero Huger
(3) Good Health and Well-being
(4) Quality Education
(5) Gender Equality
(6) Clean Water and Sanitation
(7) Affordable and Clean Energy
(8) Decent Work and Economic Growth
(9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
(10) Reduced Inequality
(11) Sustainable Cities and Communities
(12) Responsible Consumption and Production
(13) Climate Action
(14) Life Below Water
(15) Life on Land
(16) Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
(17) Partnerships to Achieve the Goal

Ques 40: Which one of the following instructional designs is not a part of SWAYAM launched by Government of India ?

  • E-tutorial
  • E-content
  • Physical interaction
  • Discussion forum

Higher Education System
Ministry of Human Resource Development has embarked on a major and new initiative called ‘Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds’ (SWAYAM), Which provides one integrated platform and MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) portal for online courses, using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and covering all higher education subjects and skill sector courses. It’s all digital and there is no physical interaction at an level.
Credit transfer facility up to 20% is enabled through the notification issued by UGC/AICTE-‘Credit Framework for online learning courses through SWAYAM Regulation 2016’. It is the endeavour of MHRD to align the courses on the SWAYAM portal with the curriculum of universities.

Ques 41: Select the true statement about an Operating System (OS)?

  • An OS controls peripherals, allocates memory and organizes data into fields and records
  • An OS provided protection against viruses and control peripherals
  • An OS controls peripheral, and allocates memory and processor time
  • An OS controls the processor and peripherals and allows the user to connect to the interne

Information and Communication Technology
An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer. The application program interface (API).

Ques 42: Which of the following is a type of malware intentionally inserted into a software system that will set-off a malicious function when specified conditions are met ?

  • Worm
  • Trojan
  • Spyware
  • Logic bomb

Information and Communication Technology
A logic bomb is a piece of code inserted into an operating system or software application that implements a malicious function after a certain amount of time, or specific conditions are met. Logic bombs are often used with viruses, worms, and trojan horses to time them to do maximum damage before being noticed.

Ques 43: The present form of Inter-University Board that, was previously established for promoting cooperation and coordination among universities is

  • UGC
  • AIU

Higher Education System
The Inter-university Board (IUB) was established in 1925 and was renamed as the Association of Indian universities (AIU) in 1973.
Let’s look at some detailed information for future questions.
Association of Indian Universities (AIU) is an organization and association of major universities in India. It is located in Delhi. Since 1925, it works for the cause of higher education. It assesses the courses, syllabi, standards and credits of foreign universities pursued abroad and equated them in relation to various courses offered by Indian universities. It is mainly concerned with the recognition of Degrees/Diplomas awarded by the Universities in India, which are recognized by the UGC, New Delhi, and abroad for the purpose of admission to higher degree courses in Indian Universities. The main objective of the AIU is to protect and promote the interest of universities and facilitate university activities especially by way of sharing information and increasing cooperation in the field of culture, sports, and allied areas, and help universities in mutual recognition of degrees AIU manages its routine activities through several functional division in the AIU Secretariat viz, Administration, Finance, Evaluation, Research, Student Information Services, Sports Division, library and Documentation and Platform for solution of problems are the major functions of AIU.

Ques 44: Which one the following pairs least matches in respect of computer ?

  • 1 giga Byte : (1024)8 bits
  • CRT : Cathode Ray Tube
  • ROM : Rapid Online Memory
  • CPU : Central Processing Unit

Information and Communication Technology
ROM is basically Read Only Memory.

Ques 45: Which of the following statement (s) is/are true in respect of Wirless Technology ?
P : Bluetooth is wireless technology which can connect a head to a mobile phone.
Q: Bluetooth is a long range wireless technology and is a low cost means of data transfer.

  • P only
  • Q only
  • Both P and Q
  • Neither P nor Q

Information and Communication Technology
Bluethooth is mainly used for linking computers and electronic devices in an adhoc way over very short distances, often for only brief or occasional communication using relatively small amounts of data. It’s relatively secure, uses little power, connects automatically, and in theory presents little or no health risk.

Ques 46: Which of the following not correctly matched ?
(i) Gyan Darshan – Satellite based educational T.V. channel
(ii) Gyan Vani – Educational FM Radio network
(iii) MOOCs – Massive Open Online Credits
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

  • Only (i) and (ii)
  • Only (ii) and (iii)
  • Only (iii)
  • Only (i) and (iii)

Higher Education System
MOOCs is Massive Open Online Courses. The basic idea is given in the diagram below.

Ques 47: The education Commission of India that first took serious note of the problem of brain drain was

  • The Education Commission of India
  • The University Education Commission
  • The Calcutta University Commission
  • The Sargeant Commission

Higher Education System
The answer is Education Commission of India. Let’s understand-what brain drain does for society? It aggravates the class and income structure for the intellectuals which we have inherited from British rule. This structure has two characteristic features.
1. it places a high premium, both in terms of status and income on the professions vis-à-vis the rest of the society.
2. it has created inordinate inequalities, again in terms of status and income within the intellectual ranks.

Ques 48: In post-independence India, which one of the following Committee/Commission’s report deals with all levels of educations in India ?

  • Sargent Commission
  • Hartog Committee
  • Kothari Commission
  • Radhakrishnan Commission

Higher Education System
Kothari Commission (1964-66) is a very comprehensive system. The title of its report is education and national development. It was third such commission after independence. This Education Commission was appointed by the government of India by a Resolution, dated 14 July 1964, to advise the Governemnt on the national pattern of education and on the general principles and policies for the development of education at all stages and in all aspects.
The commission set-up twelve Task Forces on
(1) School Education
(2) Higher Education
(3) Technical Education
(4) Agricultural Education
(5) Adult Education
(6) Science Education and Research
(7) Teacher Training and Teacher Status
(8) Student Welfare
(9) New Techniques and Methods
(10) Manpower
(11) Education Administration
(12) Educational Finance.
In addition, it set-up seven Working Groups on
(1) Women’s Education
(2) Education of Backward Classes
(3) School Buildings
(4) School-Community Relations
(5) Statistics
(6) Pre-Primary Education
(7) School Curriculum.
These points reflect the scope of policy.
The national policy on Education in 1968 was also based on this approach.

Ques 49: Assertion (A) High concentration of ozone in the lower troposphere is desirable.
Reason (R): Ozone present in the atmosphere protects the living organisms on the surface of earth from the harmful ultraviolet radiation of the sun.
Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

  • Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  • Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
  • (A) is true, but (R) is false
  • (A) is false, but (R) is true

People, Development and Environment
In assertion, it should be stratosphere, instead of troposphere, to be true. It helps in Reason (R) so as to be beneficial to us. We can study ozone layer, Montreal protocol for further details.

Ques 50: Algal blooms in oligotrophic lakes are

  • Very frequent
  • Frequent
  • Very rare
  • Widespread

People, Development and Environment
As we can see in the diagram given, algal blooms are least in oligotrophic lakes.
We can look at the following explanation for better idea to attempt such questions in futures.
(1) Oligatrophic-Low levels of organic matter, tend to be deep and clear, oxygen rich bottom supports cold water fish such as trout, phosphrus is limiting.
(2) Mesotrophic-More organic matter, oxygen level in lake bottom is low.
(3) Eutrophic-High levels of organic matter, abundant plant growth, poor clarity’. Stratified with oxygen poor bottoms .
(4) A dead zone is an area where oxygen level fall below 2 ppm.

Updated: July 19, 2022 — 5:19 pm