NTA UGC NET Paper 1 December 2019 INSTRUCTIONS TO NTA-NET ASPIRANTS

NTA UGC NET Paper 1 December 2019 INSTRUCTIONS TO NTA-NET ASPIRANTS:The question papers of UGC NET help the candidates to know the pattern of questions asked. It is one of the best resources for UGC NET exam preparation. UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers provide an important idea regarding the type of questions asked, exam pattern and syllabus wise weightage of various subjects.

1. This paper consists of Fifty (50) objective type questions of Two (2) marks each.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Each item has four alternative responses marked (a),(b),(c) and (d). you have to darken the circle as indicated below on the correct response against each item.
Example : (a)(b)(c)(d) where (c) is correct response.
4. your responses to the items are to be indicated in the OMR Sheete given at the end of the book.
5. Read instructions provided with each question carefully.
6. There are no negative marks for incorrect answers.Date Interpretation
The following table presents the data on the number of vehicles of three different types (A,B and C) produced by a company during saven different years, i.e., from 2012 to 2018. Based on the table, answer the questions from 1 to 5.
Year-wise production of Three Types of Vehicles

Ques 1: In how many years was the production of A type vehicles less than its average productions over the given years?

• 2
• 4
• 3
• 1

Average production of A type over the given year
= 115500/7 = 16500
In 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017 production is less than average.

Ques 2: What was the average number of B type vehicles produced by the company over the years?

• 20,000
• 25,000
• 15,000
• 30,000

Average number of B Type vehicles produced over the year
= (20000=10000+15000+15000+20000+25000+35000)/7
= 140000/7 = 20000

Ques 3: In which of the following years was the total production of all the three type of vehicles was 60,000?

• 2013
• 2014
• 2015
• 2016

Total production in 2016
= 25000+20000+15000 = 60000

Ques 4: The number of A type vehicles produced in the year 2014 was what per cent of the number of C type vehicles produced in the year 2016 ?

• -33.33%
• -66.67%
• 50%
• 15%

Percentage of production of A Type over B Type
= 10000/15000⨯100 = 66.67%

Ques 5: What has been the percentage increase of B Type vehicles in the year 2017 over 2016 ?

• 10%
• 5%
• 20%
• 25%

Percentage Increase in 2017
= (25000-20000)/20000⨯100 = 25%

Ques 6: Choose the person who has control over self, mode of communication and method of delivery in classroom from the following.

• Student
• Teacher
• Audience
• Visitor

Teaching Aptitude
Teacher has control over self, mode of communication and method of delivery in classroom. A teacher needs to be organized in classroom. They should have control over mode of communication and method of delivery to make students learn the concepts. They should transmit genuine commitment.

Ques 7: given below are two statements-one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other in labelled as Reason (R, Assertion (A): Skill development is a key feature every individual’s life. Reason (R): An individual, who wants to get needs to possess good education only. In the context of the above statements, choose the correct option.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
• Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) is true

People, Development and Environment
The assertion (A) is true to settle his or her career in any job, profession or any mode of entrepreneurship. In reason (R), we need to focus on word ‘only,. Education is required for job or entrepreneurship. That makes it false.

Ques 8: Which among the following is not the outcome of grounded theory research ?

• Concepts
• Narratives
• Categories
• Hypotheses

Research Aptitude
Grounded theory is a systematic methodology in the social sciences involving the construction of theories through methodical gathering and analysis of data. This research methodology uses inductive reasoning.

Narrative research is separate type of qualitative research. It entails exploring the life of an individual. It is about studying one or more individuals. It uses primarily interviews and documents.

Ques 9: TGiven below are two statements-one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A): Government of India established higher educational statutory bodies to ensure the quality of education. Reason (R). there are some educational institutions in India, which do not provide quality education. In the context of the above statements, choose the correct option.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
• Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) is true

Higher Education System
Here, we can take example of UGC that is a statutory organization established by an Act of Parliament in 1956 for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standard of university education. They provide funding also.
The institutions have not been able to provide quality education because of lack of resources and supervision as their sheer number is very high. Government has set up other institutions for their reading.

Ques 10: Match List I with List II. Choose the correct options. Code

• (ii),(i),(iii),(iv)
• (iii),(ii),(iv),(i)
• (iv),(iii),(i),(ii)
• (i),(iv),(ii),(iii)

Information and Communication Technology
UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) is envisaged to make e-governance. It is developed by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD) to drive Mobile Governance in India. UMANG provides a single platform for all Indian Citizens to access pan India e-Gov services ranging from Central to Local Government bodies and other citizen centric services.
BHIM (BHARAT INTERFACE FOR MONEY) is an app that lets you make simple easy and quick payment transactions using unified payment Interface. You can make instant bank to bank payment and pay and collect money using just mobile number and virtual payment address. National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is an umbrella organization for operating retail payments and settlement systems in India
eBinz: eBiz is being implemented by Infosys Technologies under the guidance and aegis of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry Govt. of India. The focus of eBiz is to improve the business environment in the country by reducing unnecessary delays in regulatory processes required to start and run business.
SWAYAM : MHRD has started a major and new initiative Project called ‘Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds’ (SWAYAM). It is an integrated platform and portal for online courses. This covers all higher education subjects and skills sector courses. The objective is to ensure that the every student in our country has access to the best quality higher education at the affordable cost.

Ques 11: Identify the correct statements from the following. (i) Sampling related error is subsumed under the category non-sampling error. (ii) Sampling error doesn’t occur in multistage cluster sampling. (iii) Inaccurate sampling frame and non-response are examples of sampling related error. (iv) There is an inverse relation between heterogeneity of population and sampling error. Choose the correct option.

• (i) and (iii) only
• (i) and (iv) only
• (ii) and (iv) only
• (ii) and (iii) only

Research Aptitude
We don’t collect data from every member of population to save time and money. The negative impact is sampling errors. They happen in any kind of research.
In (i), we need to focus on the words ‘related’ and ‘subsumed’. Non-sampling error is ‘catch-all’ term.
(ii) Sampling error do occur in every kind of sampling whether single stage or multistage.
(iii) Inaccurate sampling frame and non-response should be right and ‘motivational’.
(iv) Rather, the more homogenous is the population, less will be the sampling error.

Ques 12: How many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries were there is India till March 2011 ?

• 8 and 421 only
• 10 and 75 only
• 75 and 421 only
• 102 and 515 only

People, Development and Environment
For future questions we should try to understand the differences between “National Park’ and “Wild-life Sanctuary’.

Ques 13: which among the following is NOT a component of effective teaching ?

• Questioning to check for the understanding of students
• Providing students with feedback
• being flexible about how long it takes to learn
• Reactive mode of student’s behavior

Teaching Aptitude
Reactive mode of student’s behavior is not a component of effective teaching as reaction does take place during extreme situations.

Ques 14: Which among the following factors doesn’t contribute to assessment bias ?

• When language of the test and the tester in different from the languages of the students
• Answer that support middle class values
• Its assessment procedures are flexible and diverse to make disadvantaged students comfortable
• Objective test for assessing abstract reasoning of the student

Teaching Aptitude
Assessment bias unfairly penalizes students on the basis of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, religion, etc.
Here, we need to work on one assumption that every learner is unique and some flexible mechanism may help.

Ques 15: Choose two factors that do NOT affect the academic performance of students adversely. (i) Belief self-efficacy belief (ii) Belief in God (iii) Indifferent attitude towards politics (iv) Teacher’s low expectation from students Choose the correct options.

• (i) and (ii) only
• (ii) and (iii) only
• (iii) and (iv) only
• (ii) and (iv) only

Teaching Aptitude
(i) The concept of self efficacy was given by Albert Bandura. Self-efficacy reflects confidence in the ability to exert control over one’s own motivation, behavior, and social environment. Self efficacy means looking into one’s potential.

(ii) Belief in God-It is one’s personal issue.
(iii) We may not be interested in politics but it is part of democracy. So some interest politics is desirable.
(iv) Teacher’s low expectation from students is not good for the confidence of a teacher himself or herself.

Ques 16: By selling 70 pencils for 90, a person makes a loss of 25%. How many pencils should be sold for 234 to gain a profit of 30% ?

• 95
• 100
• 105
• 110

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Let SP of 70 pencils = 90
According to Question:
90 = CP⨯(100-25) / 100
CP = 120
In 2nd situation, for a SP of 234 and profit of 30%, the CP is to be found first.
CP = 234⨯100/130 = 180
If number of pencils for 120 is 70, then for CP of 180, the number of pencils should be one and half times, that is, 70⨯1.5 = 105

Ques 17: Which of the following sequence represents the correct order of soil particles arranged in terms of particle size from the smallest to the largest ?

• Gravel, Silt, Clay, Sand
• Silt, Clay, Gravel, Sand
• Clay Silt, Sand, Gravel
• Silt, Clay, Sand, ravel

People, Development and Environment
The size of soil particles gives texture to the soil. It also determines the amount of air and moisture that exist in the soil. They can be arranged in the following manner, in terms of size.
1. Clay: Clay has the smallest particles. A particle measures less than 0.002 mm. it feels sticky when wet. It absorbs water well and it is nutrient rich.
2. Silt: Silt particles measures 0.06 to 0.002 mm. Silt’s particles are larger than clay particles but smaller than sand particles.
3. Sand: Sand particles measures 2.0 mm to 0.06 mm. sand is the largest type of soil particle. It allows quick drainage and plenty of airflow.
4. Gravel: Gravel is loose aggregation of rock fragments. Gravel is classified by particle size range and Include size classes from granule to boulder size fragments.

Ques 18 : Given below is a question followed by three statements. Identify the statements that are necessary to answer the question. Questions : What is the percentage profit gained by a vendor when he sells an article ? Statements : (i) He gives a 10% discount on the marked price. (ii) he would have earned 25% profit if he did not give any discount. (iii) the cost price of the article is 8000. Choose the correct option.

• (i) and (ii) only
• (ii) and (iii) only
• (i) and (iii) only
• (i),(ii) and (iii)

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Let Marked price = 100
Discount = 10%
Then SP = 90
If no discount is offered then profit is 25%. It means SP is 100.
Thus CP = 100⨯100/(100+25) = 80
We have to calculate only ‘percentage’ profit, so we don’t need the third statement.

Ques 19: Devdatta is fat and he does not eat during the day, therefore, devdatta is eating during the night. The above example in classical Indian school of logic is a case of :

• comparison
• implication
• perception
• verbal testimony

Logical Reasoning
Let’s look at the complete example.
1. Fat Devedatta does not eat during day time.
2. But, he does not lose weight.
These two contradictory statements are reconciled with arthapatti pramaa, that he must be eating during night. Arthapatti pramaa is a Sanskrit term meaning implication. Thus (b) is the right answer.

Ques 20: In Social Sciences, a central issue is the question of whether the social world can be studied using the methods of natural sciences. This statement refers to the issue of:

• ontology
• axiology
• epistemology
• etymology

People, Development and Environment
(a) Epistemology is the study of nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief.
(b) Ontology is part of metaphysics, a branch of philosophy that looks at the very nature of things, their being, cause or identity.
(c) Axiology is the branch of philosophy that considers the nature of value and what kinds of things have value. Axios means value.
(d) Etymology: the study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history.

Ques 21: Out of a total of 10 students, the average weight of 9 students is 60 kg. if the weight of the 10th student is 9 kg more than the average weight of all the 10 students, then the weight of the 10th student would be:

• 61 kg
• 69 kg
• 70 kg
• 71 kg

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Let the avg. weight of 10 students = x
Then 10x = [(9⨯60)] + (x+9)
10x-540 + x + 9
9x = 549
X = 61
Weight of the 10th student = x+9
= 61+9 = 70 kg.

Ques 22: Which of the following sets of letters would compete the letters series, when they are placed sequentially? Bb_b_ab_cbba_bcbb_

• acbac
• acbbb
• cbbba
• abbbc

Logical Reasoning
The series
bb | ba | ba | bc | bb
the Pattern bbc, bba is repeated.

Ques 23: Identify the factors that do not contribute to the effectiveness of teaching from the options given below. (i) Socioeconomic background of teacher (ii) Teacher’s skill in pleasing the students (iii) Teacher’s subject knowledge (iv) Teacher’s personal contact with students Choose the correct option.

• (i), (iii) and (iv)
• (ii), (iii) and (iv)
• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (i), (ii) and (iv)

Teaching Aptitude
We need to focus on objective criteria as teaching is both art and science. Teachers are trained also for the purpose.
Thus subject knowledge matters.

Ques 24: of the following options, select the advantage of feedback in the process of communication.

• it is beneficial in understanding of the subject matter
• It diagnoses the defects in receiver
• it clarifies the communication
• it explores the defects in receiver

Communication
Feedback is essential in communication so as to know whether the recipient has understood the message in the same terms as intended by the sender and whether he agrees to that message or not.
Feedback is essential for ‘effective communication’.

Ques 25: Given below are two statements-one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A) : a blog is a form of social media. Reason (R): A blog allows anyone to communicate to a public audience. In the light of the above statements, choose the correct option.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) is true

Information and Communication Technology
Blogs as social media include vlogs, wall postings, emails instant messaging, music-sharing, crowd sourcing, voice over IP etc.
Blogs is individualized approach to communicate to public audience.
So both ‘A’ and ‘R’ are true and R is the correct explanation of (A).

Ques 26: Which of the following statements are true about a fuel cell ? (i) It is a device that uses electrochemical reactions to produce electric current. (ii) It consists of a positive electrode and a negative electrode separated by an electrolyte. (iii) Just like batteries, it needs to be recharged with an electric current. Choose the correct option from those given below.

• (i) and (ii) only
• (ii) and (iii) only
• (i) and (iii) only
• (i),(ii) and (iii)

People, Development and Environment
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy of a fuel (often hydrogen) and an oxidizing agent (often oxygen) into electricity through a pair of redox reactions. Fuel cells can produce electricity continuously for as long as fuel and oxygen are supplied. Every fuel cell has two electrodes called, respectively, the anode and cathode.

Ques 27: Match List I with List II. Choose the correct option. Code.

• (ii),(iv),(iii),(i)
• (ii),(i),(iii),(iv)
• (iv),(ii),(i),(iii)
• (ii),(iv),(i),(iii)

Research Aptitude
Ontology, in Greek, means study, theory, or science of being, that is, which exists. Ontology is a fundamental branch of philosophy and one of the oldest. Ontology divides all things into two large groups.
1. Concrete Entities: like trees or stones.
2. Abstract Entities : Such as God or ideas.
Logically, it is not possible to study the two types of entities in the same way because they have different characteristics.
Epistemology means study of knowledge. However, we must bear in mind that for the Greeks there were two types of knowledge.
1. Doxa: vulgar knowledge, which is based on subjective observance and opinion. For example: if I look out the window, I know it rains.
2. episteme: rigorous knowledge, which is acquired from objective analysis and study. For example. After studying, I know what causes the rain.

Ques 28: Consider the following statements with reference to the proposition ‘Some girls are not students’. (i) subject term students are distributed. (ii) predicate term girls are undistributed. (iii) Predicate term students are distributed. (iv) Subject term girls are undistributed. Choose the correct options.

• Only (i) and (iii) are correct
• Only (ii) and (iii) are correct
• Only (i) and (iv) are correct
• Only (ii) and (iv) are correct

Logical Reasoning
The review of ‘categorical propositions’ can help.

We need to look at statement-‘Some girls are not students’. This statement goes with Type ‘O’. here, the girls’ is a subject as we are discussing her as a person or thing, she does something. Predicate means which tells something about the subject.

Ques 29: Match List I with List II. Choose the correct option. Code.

• (iv),(i),(ii),(iii)
• (ii),(iv),(i),(iii)
• (i),(ii),(iii),(iv)
• (i),(ii),(iv),(iii)

People, Development and Environment
The basic definitions have been given in the question itself. There are basically twelve orders of soil. They can be seen in detail at www.globalranelands.org/topics/rangeland-ecology/twelve-soil-orders

Ques 30: From the following, select the alternative features which make open universities as non-traditional universities. (i) Innovative method of teaching and learning. (ii) Innovative method of admission, curriculum and evaluation. (iii) Modern communication techniques. (iv) Teacher’s friendly approaches. Choose the correct option.

• (ii),(iii) and (iv) only
• (i),(ii) and (iii) only
• (i),(iii) and (iv) only
• (i),(ii) and (iv) only

Higher Education System
Here, non-traditional education means ‘Open and Distance Learning’ (ODL). It always focus on ‘innovative methods’ to reach out to prospective learners.

Ques 31: Select the option that lists components for a cyberspace address (URL) in the correct order from beginning to end.

• Protocol, domain name of the host, path or file
• Path or file, protocol domain name of the host
• Protocol, path or file, domain name of the host
• Domain name of the host, protocol, path or file

Information and Communication Technology
1. Protocol : Protocol is se t of rules, with TCP/IP being the most important one. The protocol declares how your web browser should communicate with a web serve when sending or fetching a web page or document.
2. Domain name A domain name is unique reference that identifies a web site on the internet for example doepud.co.uk
3. path: the that typically refer to a file or directory on the web server e.g. Directory file. Php.

Ques 32: Match List I with List II. Choose the correct options. Code.

• (i),(ii),(iii),(iv)
• (ii),(i),(iv),(iii)
• (iii),(iv),(ii),(i)
• (iv),(i),(ii),(iii)

Higher Education System
This is direct questions
Epistemology deals with the second type of knowledge. That is why it is sometimes said that epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies science.
Methodology is the justification for using a particular research-say for example, a qualitative method such as surveys and interviews.

Ques 33: In what ratio must a vendor mix two varieties of sugar worth 60 per kg and 78 per kg so that, by selling the mixture at 76.8 per kg, the vendor gains 20%?

• 7:4
• 7:2
• 5:3
• 5:2

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Sale price of 1 kg of the mixture = 76.8 Gain = 20%
C.P. of 1 kg of the mixture = 100/100+20 ⨯76.8
= 64
Applying the rule of allegation
Cost of 1 kg sugar of 1st variety cost of 1 kg sugar of 2nd variety

Thus, 14:4 OR 7:2 is required answer.

Ques 34: Arrange the steps of research in the sequence in which they are presented in the thesis.

• Discussion, review, of literature, result, conceptual framework, problem
• Review of literature, problem, conceptual framework, result, discussion
• Problem, review of literature, conceptual framework, result, discussion
• Problem, review of literature, conceptual framework, discussion, result

Research Aptitude
This is direct question of sequence of steps.

Ques 35: Which of the following statements is/are correct ? (i) Software is loaded into secondary storage from RAM and then it is executed by the CPU. (ii) A search engine is a software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web. Choose the correct option.

• Only (i)
• Only (ii)
• Both (i) and (ii)
• Neither (i) nor (ii)

Information and Communication Technology
(i) The sequence is loading of software from secondary storage into RAM and finally executed by CPU (registers).
(ii) Give direct definition of search engine.

Ques 36: Which of the following was not a Millennium Development Goals (MDG)?

• Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
• Improve maternal health
• Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
• Ensure environmental sustainability

Higher Education System
The Eight millennium development Goals are:
1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
2. To achieve universal primary education.
3. To promote gender equality and empower women.
4. To reduce child mortality.
5. To improve maternal health.
6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
7. To ensure environmental sustainability
8. To develop a global partnership for development.
Thus, ‘ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all ages’ was not a ‘Millennium Development Goal’.

Ques 37: Regarding e-governance, which of the following statements is/are correct ? (i) Decreasing transparency is an ICT enabled advantage of e-governance. (ii) E-governance is related to the implementation of ICT in the government processes and functions. (iii) Common Service Centres (CSCs) help in providing and using e-governance related services. Choose the correct option.

• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (ii) and (iii) only
• (i) and (iii) only
• (i) and (ii) only

Higher Education System
(i) Increasing transparency is one of the main advantages of e-governance. We usually talk about “Transparent Government’. RTI, good governance are also parts of it.

Ques 38: Which one of the following is signified by Udaharane of Anumana (inference) in Indian logic?

• Statement of reason
• Proposition to be proved
• Conclusion proved
• Universal proposition along with an instance

Logical Reasoning
Anumana means the method by which knowledge is derived from other knowledge. It is a universal proposition. Udaharan means instance as given in option (d).

Ques 39: Which one of the following propositions is a contrary to ‘All poets are dreamers ?

• Some poets are dreamers
• Some Poets are not dreamers
• No poets are dreamers
• No dreamers are poets

Logical Reasoning

‘All poets are dreamers’ is ‘A-Type’.
‘No poets are dreamers’ is E-Type’.
Contraries are pair of propositions in which both cannot be true but both can be false. ‘A’ and ‘E’ are contrary statements.

Ques 40: Which among the following is NOT related to qualitative research ?

• Thematic analysis
• Case study
• Discourse analysis
• Survey method

Research Aptitude
Quantitative research focuses more on the ability to complete statistical analysis. With quantitative studies, each respondent is asked to respond to the same questions. Surveys and questionnaires are the most common technique for collecting quantitative data.

Ques 41: As per the classical square of opposition, if ‘A’ proposition is given as true, then which one of the following is correct ?

• ‘E’ proposition is false, ‘I’ proposition is true and ‘O’ proposition is false
• ‘E’ proposition is true, ‘I’ proposition is false and ‘O’ proposition is true
• ‘E’ proposition is false, ‘I’ proposition is false and ‘O’ proposition is true
• ‘E’ Proposition is true, ‘I’ proposition is false and ‘O’ proposition is false

Logical Reasoning
We need to look at ‘square of opposition’ diagram in question 39 to get the answer.

Ques 42: Select the period, in which India became a centre of higher learning.

• Gupta period
• Buddha period
• Mughal period
• British period

Higher Education System
During Gupta period, the focus was to patronize the centers of higher education at Nalanda, Takshila, Ujjain, Vikramshila and Vallabhi etc. These centres attracted scholars from all parts of India and from several foreign countries.

Ques 43: Given below are two statements-one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A). Through online teaching, a large number of students can be taught by a very competed faculty. Reason (R). Online teaching helps students in developing critical thinking more than the offline teaching can do. In the light of the above statements, choose the correct option.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) is true

Teaching Aptitude
Assertion addresses the issues of ‘access to education’. In Reason, it’s difficult to assess the difference between online and offline for this.

Ques 44: Match List I with List II. Choose the correct option Code:

• (ii), (i), (iv), (iii)
• (iv), (i), (ii), (ii)
• (iii), (iv), (i), (ii)
• (i), (iii), (ii), (iv)

Logical Reasoning
This is direct question of words and their meanings. They probably fall under the topic of languages.

Ques 45: Which of the following groups has the components of paralanguage communication ?

• Voice, emphasis and impression
• Social, space, voice and impression
• Voice, social space and expression
• Emphasis, social space and voice

Communication
Paralanguage is the area of non-verbal communication that emphasizes body language and voice nuances as means of expressing thoughts and feelings.

Comprehension :
Read the following passage and answer the questions from 46 to 50.
Even though globalization is one of the most discussed topics in the contemporary world, it is not altogether a well defined concept. A multitude of global interactions are put under the broad heading of globalization, varying from the expansion of cultural and scientific influences across borders to the enlargement of economic and business relations throughout the world. A wholesale rejection of globalization would not only go against global business, it would also cut out movements of ideas, understanding and knowledge that can help all the people of the world, including the most disadvantaged members of the world population. A comprehensive rejection of globalization can thus be powerfully counterproductive. There is a strong need to separate out the different questions that appear merged together in the rhetoric of the antilocalization protests. The globalization of knowledge deserves particularly high profile recognition, despite all the good things that can be rightly said about the importance of ‘local knowledge’.
Globalization is often seen in both journalistic discussions and in remarkably many academic writings, as a process of westernization. Indeed, some who take an upbeat view of the phenomenon even sees it as a contribution of Western civilization to the world.

Ques 46: According to the passage, which one of the following is not a well defined concept?

• Multiculturalism
• Identity
• Globalization
• Local knowledge

Multiculturalism

Ques 47: As per the passage, a wholesale rejection of globalization would result in affecting: (i) global businesses (ii) movement of ideas (iii) local knowledge systems Choose the correct answer from the options given below.

• (i) and (ii) only
• (i) and (iii) only
• (iii) and (ii) only
• (i),(ii) and (iii)

(i) and (ii) only

Ques 48: According to the passage, which one of the following is counterproductive?

• Comprehensive support to globalization
• Wholesale rejection of globalization
• Comprehensive rejection of antilocalization protests
• Recognition of local knowledge systems

Wholesale rejection of globalization

Ques 49: The attempt of the author in the passage is:

• unconditioned rejection of globalization
• unconditioned rejection of local knowledge systems
• unbiased evaluation of globalization

unbiased evaluation of globalization

Ques 50: According to the passage, globalization is perceived often by media and academia as:

• supporting local knowledge system
• detrimental to local knowledge systems
• a process of westernization
• a process of facilitating global business

a process of westernization

Updated: July 19, 2022 — 9:59 pm