UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021 Set 4 With Solutions (PYQ)

UGC NET JRF Paper 1 2021 Set 4 With Solutions (PYQ) : Aspirants who are appearing in the UGC NET 2021 exam can check the previous years question papers from this page. Candidates who are preparing to appear in NTA UGC NET Exam 2021 or want to appear in NET exam in future can get previous year UGC NET question paper from here. Solving the previous years question papers of UGC NET gives the candidates an idea about the exam pattern and questions and also prepares for the exam in a better way.

INSTRUCTIONS TO NTA-NET ASPIRANTS
1. This paper consists of Fifty (50) objective type of Two (2) marks each.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Each item has four alternative responses marked (a),(b),(c) and (d). You have to darken the circle as indicated below on the correct response against each item.
Example : (a)(b)(c)(d) where (c) is the correct response.
4. Your responses to the items are to be indicated in the OMR Sheet green at the end of the book
5. Read instructions provided with each questions cafefully.
6. There are no negative marks for incorrect answer.Information for Question 1 to 5:
Study the table carefully and answer the question that follow:
In the following table, total Exports and of 5 countries over 4 years ( in Rs Crore ) is given. Study the table carefully and answer the given question. (I-import E-export)

Ques 1: Which of the following pramanas is used by classical Indian school of logic to prove the existence of God ?

• Arthapatti (postulation)
• Upamana (comparison)
• Pratyaksha (perception)
• Anumana (inference)

Teaching Aptitude
Anumana is also known as inference. An inference is an idea or a conclusion that is drawn from an evidence and reasoning. An inference is an educated guess from which we learn about something by experiencing them first-hand but we gain other knowledge by inference-

Ques 2: Which of the following sequences represent the most logical sequence in doing research ?

• Identifying and defining a research problem, formulating a hypothesis, testing of hypothesis and reporting the results
• Identify a research problem defining the population and sample, collecting and analysis of data
• Survey of research, define the research problem, collecting data and presenting the outcomes
• Defining research variables, hypothesizing, testing of research and reporting of research outcomes

Research Aptitude

Source : CR KOTARI (research methodology)
With the help of this, we can find the logical sequence of research.

Ques 3: Hypothesis testing is the main concept of which type of research?

• Experimental research
• Historical research
• Survey research
• Exegetic research

Research Aptitude
In experimental research, the researcher develops one or more hypothesis to state the nature of expected relationship. Experimental research is designed for establishing casual relationships. It begins with a question concerning the relationship between two or more variables.
1. an independent variable is manipulated.
2. All other variables except the independent variables are held constant.
3. The effect of manipulation of the dependent variable is observed. The dependent variable is so named because its value is hypothesized to depend upon and vary with the value of the independent variables.

Ques 4: Given below are two statements-one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A) : Defining the objections of the topic of discussion is not necessarily the first step in classroom communication. Reason (R) : Clear definitions of objectives make students understand the topic well. In the light of the above stated statements, choose the correct options from the choices given below.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) is true

Logical Reasoning
If we by the objectives of management, setting objectives is the foremost task so that financial and other resources can be developed. Setting objectives is the part of planning function of management. The other functions are organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

Ques 5: A is the father of B and C is the sister of A.D is the grandson of C. how is D related to B?

• Uncle
• Nephew
• Cousin
• Grandson

Logical Reasoning

The process of inferring things based o what is already known.
For example, if someone slams a door, you can infer that he/she is upset about something. In the same way we use the inference ‘pramanas’ to prove the existence of God.

Ques 6: A university teacher intends to study the relationship between level of aspiration and achievement of rural children. Which design of research will be most appropriate in this context ?

• Experimental research design
• Ex post facto research design
• Historical research design
• Survey research design

Research Aptitude
Ex post facto research. This research is also know as after the fact research. In this study, investigates starts after the fact has occurred. Manipulation is no possible in this study. In this research, the research identifies the event that has already occurred.
For example, we will record the effects of an earthquake after the earthquake hit an area. Similarly, after the achievement of rural children, a teacher intends to study the relationship between the level of aspiration and the achievement of rural children.

Ques 7: If HPU = 9 and JNU = 9, then DU = ?

• 5
• 6
• 4
• 7

Logical reasoning
We need to arrange English alphabets along with their numerical ranks.
A = 1, B = 2, C = 3, D = 4, E = 5, F = 6, G = 7, H = 8, I = 9, J = 10, K = 11, L = 12, M = 13, N = 14, O = 15, P = 16, Q = 17, R = 18, S = 19, T = 20, U = 21, V = 22, W = 23, X = 24, Y = 25, Z = 26
For HPU,
For JNU,
For DU,

Ques 8: if x:y = 7:9, then 3x-5y:4x+y = ?

• (-24)/37
• -22/37
• 15/22
• 42/37

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
x/y=7/9→x=7/9 y
(3x-5y)/(4x+y)=(3(7/9 y)-5y)/(4(7/9 y)+y)
(7/3 y-5y)/(28y/9+y)=(-8/3 y)/(37/9 y)=-8/3×9/37
= -24/37

Ques 9: The purpose of ICT in education is to :

• attract students
• make teaching interesting
• optimize learning outcomes
• promote technology culture in teaching

Information and Communication Technology
Information and communication technology in education is the mode of education that uses information and communication technology to support, enhance and optimize the delivery of information. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to an improved student learning and better teaching methods.
The main purpose of ICT in education is to enhance the learning in classroom and beyond. It enhances the scope of education by facilitating mobile learning and inclusive education.

Ques 10: Learner communication has relatively high potential of challenging :

• teaching as profession
• innovative and creative ideas
• methods of evaluation
• long-held attitudes

Communication
Long held attitude of learner communication has relatively high potential of challenging. A long held attitude is a disposition, feeling or manner that is not constructive, co-operative or optimistic. It can effect anyone just about anywhere for same of us. It is at home perhaps you know of someone, who had a bad attitude about doing chases or maybe it’s happened to you at work.

Ques 11: Identify the wrong number in the given series. 3,13,43,53,63,83

• 13
• 53
• 63
• 83

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Each of the number except 63 is a prime number.

Ques 12: From the list given below identify those competencies of an effective teacher which relate to the domain of personality and attitude? (i) Locus of control (ii) Communicating (iii) Managing (iv) self-efficacy (v) Teacher enthusiasm (vi) Being organized and orderly Select the correct answer from the options given below :

• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (i),(iv) and (v)
• (ii), (iii) and (iv)
• (iv),(v) and (vi)

Teaching Aptitude
According to this questions, there are three traits, which influence the personality and attitude of a teacher.
1. Locus of control. Locus of control refer to an individual’s belief that events are either in one control or are determined by force beyond one’s control. There are some people, who have the courage to face and control every type of situations. Thus, it refers to that attribute of personality, which shows the extent to which people consider themselves as architect of their fate. Locus of control is of following types.
(i) Internal locus of control
(ii) External locus of control
2. Self-efficacy: Refer to an individual’s confidence in their ability to complete a task or achieve a goal. It also effect the personality and attitude of the teacher.
3. teacher enthusiasm : teacher enthusiasm is considered to be a special mode of delivering information to students. A teacher is perceived as being enthusiastic, when he/she succeeds in communicating the excitement about the subject to the students.

Ques 13: The inference ‘A mouse is an animal. Therefore, a large mouse is a large animal’ commits which one of the following fallacies ?

• Straw man
• Slippery slope
• Equivocation
• Fallacy of composition

Logical Reasoning
Equivocation means to slide between two or more different meaning of a word or phase that is critical to the argument. For an argument to work, the words must have the same meaning throughout the premise and the conclusion.
‘A mouse is an animal. Therefore, a large mouse is a large animal.’
This argument illustrates the ambiguous use of a relative word. The word ‘large’ means different things, depending on the context.

Ques 14: In the post positivistic approach to research, which of the following types of researchers got emphasized ? (i) Experimental research (ii) Phenomenological research (iii) Ethnographic research (iv) Ex post facto research (v) Action research Choose the correct answer from the options given below.

• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (ii),(iii) and (iv)
• (ii),(iii) and (v)
• (iii),(iv) and (v)

Research Aptitude
In the post positivistic approach to research, three types of researchers got emphasized.
(1) Phenomenological research : It is an approach to qualitative research that focuses on the commonality of a lived experience within a particular group.
For example, studying the green flash, that sometimes happens just after the sunset.
(2) Ex post facto research. This research is also known as after the fact research. In this study, investigation starts after the fact has occurred.
(3) Action research :

Ques 15: In which of the following formats, research abstract is must ? (i) Research article (ii) Seminar paper presentation (iii) Thesis (iv) Research synopsis Choose the most appropriate option from those given below.

• (i),(iii) and (iv)
• (i),(ii) and (iv)
• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (ii),(iii) and (iv)

Research Aptitude
An abstract research is a brief summary of a research article thesis review, conference proceeding or any in depth analysis of a particular subject and it is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper’s purpose.

Ques 16: Communication in the classroom takes place in which of the following levels ?

• Opportunistic meaning
• Surficial meaning
• Noise level meaning
• Non-coded meaning

Communication
Classroom communication exists in three categories namely, verbal, non-verbal and written. These are surficial levels. Verbal communication means anything that a teacher or a student speaks aloud. In a non-verbal language, the people express written communication directed at a specific audience. Teacher and students interact with one another in many different contexts.

Ques 17: Which of the following are rhetorical techniques for structuring classroom communication ? (i) Relating the day’s topic to student’s interests (ii) providing scattered information to the target audience (iii) Smooth transition from one idea to another (iv) Avoiding the use of artifacts (v) using media to improve the quality aspect of reception of messages (vi) Opting for one-way communication Choose the correct option from the choices given below.

• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (ii), (iii) and (vi)
• (i),(iii) and (v)
• (iv),(v) and (vi)

Communication
There are different theatrical techniques for structuring classroom communication.
(1) Organise the class : structure the class in a logical way. For example, frame the topic as a story, present a problem and then develop its solution, describe events and process chronologically or show the relationship of an interconnected idea to an overarching theme.
(2) Get the students interested.
Connect the day topic to the student interests, experience and prior knowledge to spark students’ curiosity and explain why it is valuable and useful for them.
(3) Clarify the purpose and the goal of the class
Repeat key ideas and concepts to emphasize their importance to students and help students to understand them. For example, summarize.

Ques 18 : In which level of teaching, lower level learning outcomes get focused ?

• Memory level
• Understanding level
• Reflective level
• Autonomous development level

Teaching Aptitude
Memory level is the first and thoughtless level of teaching. It induces the habit of rote memorization of facts and bites of information. It enables the learner to retain and also to reproduce the learnt material, whenever required.
Autonomous level means not exactly in the classroom. Reflective means dealing with real life problems under standing level. It is memory plus insight as it goes beyond just memorizing of facts it focus on mastery of the subject.

Ques 19: The term ‘yogaja’ (intuitive) pertains to which of the following pramanas ?

• Perception
• Inference
• Verbal testimony
• Comparison

Logical Reasoning
Pramana means proof and means of knowledge. Perception (Pratyaksha) is that which is before one’s eyes.
(1) perception is of two types namely, external perception that arising from the interaction of five senses and wordly objects and internal perception means the inner sense, the mind.
In Indian philosophy, perception is the first of the five means of knowledge or that helps a person to have correct cognitions of the world.
(2) Inference (Anumana) means knowing after or measuring along some other thing.
(3) Verbal testimony (Shabda), where learn mostly by means of words. An oral or written message is a universal mode of communication.
(4) Comparison (Upamiaa) is a distinct means of knowledge and cannot be clubbed under Anumana because a knowledge cannot be gained without the comparison of the two similar.

Ques 20: In which of the following propositions, both can be true simultaneously but cannot be false simultaneously ?

• Contrary
• Subcontrary
• Subaltern

Logical Reasoning
Subcontrary: Denoting preposition which can both be true but cannot be false.
For example, some x are y and some x are not y.

1=S that are not P
2 = S that are P
3 = P that are not S
Source. Slideplayer.com

Ques 21: In which of the teaching methods, which of the following will be called dialogic? (i) Demonstration method (ii) Problem-solving method (iii) Chalk and talk method (iv) team teaching based method (v) Interactive presentation (vi) Tutorials Select your answer from the options below.

• (i),(b) and (iii)
• (ii),(iii) and (iv)
• (iii),(iv) and (v)
• (ii),(v) and (vi)

Teaching Aptitude
Dialogic teaching involves ongoing talk between teacher and students and not just n the teacher presentation-through dialogue, teacher can elicit student’s everyday common sense perspectives, engage with their developing ideas and help them overcome misunderstandings in the spectrum of teaching method, which include problem-solving method interactive presentation and tutorials.

Ques 22: Which of the following evaluation systems belongs to the category of being an innovative practice ?

• Semesterised examinations
• Performance evaluation
• Portfolio-based evaluation
• Learning outcome-based evaluation

Teaching Aptitude
Out of the four choices, the learning outcome-based evaluation assumes the learning process to be dynamic or more dynamic and it aims at improving our future performance.

Ques 23: ‘All tigers are animals’ is an example of which type of proposition ?

• Particular negative
• Particular affirmative
• Universal negative
• Universal affirmative

Logical Reasoning
The categorical propositions can be put in the following form also.

Ques 24: A sum of money with compound interest becomes 2400 in one year and 3000 in two years. Find the principal amount.

• 1900
• 1910
• 1915
• 1920

Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
We need to go for reverse calculation. The rate of interest is same in both the calculations.
Interest = 3000 = 2400 = 600
Principal = 2400
Time = 1 year
R = I⨯100/P⨯T
R = 25%
The rate of 25% can be applied to earlier year calculation also. This will bring the amount of interest down by 25%. For first year, it will be 480.
The basic principal amount
= 2400-480 = 1920

Ques 25: Effective classroom communication can transform :

• teaching-learning process
• management strategies

Communication

Effective classroom communication can transform from teaching-learning process. Learning is brought about through teaching. Teaching process is an arrangement of environment within which the students can interact and study how to learn. The process of teaching-learning aims at transmission of knowledge, imparting skills and formation of attitudes values and behaviours.

Comprehension :
The following table provides the sales of computers of different types or brands over the years 2001-2007. Based on data, answer the following questions (26-30).
Number of different Brands of Computers
(In Thousands) Sold in Different Years

Ques 26: The difference in the number of Acer computers sold in 2002 and 2005 is

• 15,000
• 20,000
• 45,000
• 60,000

computers sold in 2005 = 85,000
Computers sold in2002 = 25,000
Difference in number of computers = 85,000-25,000 = 60,000

Ques 27: In which year, the percentage of Acer computers sold as to the total number of computers sold was maximum?

• 2003
• 2004
• 2005
• 2007

Here, we need not to calculate the total number of computers sold. As a denominator, they may appear everywhere. We should focus on numerator to get the result. So the answer is 85,000 that is (c).

Ques 28:name the type or brand of computer, whose sale has continuously decreased over the years, 2001-2007.

• Lenovo
• Acer
• IBM
• HCL

this is a question of simple observation.
HCL computer sale has decreased continuously over the years.

Ques 29: Name the type of computer for which the total sale in all the seven years is maximum ?

• IBM
• Lenovo
• Acer
• HCL

total sale of IBM (in thousands) = 50+60+50+40+70+80+100 = 450
Similarly,
Total sale of Lenovo = 400
Total sale of Acer = 375
Total sale of HCL = 295
Therefore, the sale of IBM computer is maximum in all the seven years.

Ques 30: The percentage increase in the sales of Lenovo computers in 2007 as compared to sales in 2001 is:

• 200%
• 250%
• 300%
• 350%

sale in 2001 = 20
Sale in 2007 = 90
Increase in sale = 90-20 = 70
% increase = = 350%

Ques 31: In computer related activities, which of the following is inappropriate for describing a language translator ?

• Assembler
• Compiler
• Interpreter
• Codec

Information and Communication Technology
Code is a device or a computer program, which encodes or decodes a digital data stream or signals. It is a short form of coder-decoder.

Ques 32: National Disaster Management Authority is an agency working under the ministry of:

• Jal Shakti
• Home Affairs
• Earth Science
• Housing and Urban Affairs

People, Development and Environment
National Disaster Management Authority, abbreviated as NDMA is an agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs to considerate response to natural or man-made disaster and for capacity building in disaster resiliency and crisis response.
The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India.
The NDMA was formally constituted on 27th September 2006, in accordance with the Disaster Management Act, 2005 with prime Minister as its Chairperson and nine other members, and one such member to be designated as Vice-Chairperson

Ques 33: Which of the following provides the overarching vision that guides research into socially relevant areas ?

• ARIIA
• IMPRINT
• NIRF
• SWAYAM PRABHA

Research Aptitude/Information and Communication Technology
Imprint is the first of its kind MHRD supported Pan-IIT + IISc Joint initiative to address the major science and engineering challenges that India must address and champion to enable empower and embolden the nation for inclusive growth and self-reliance. This noval initiative with two fold mandate is aimed at the following.
(a) Developing new engineering education policy.
(b) Creating a road map to pursue engineering challenges.
Imprint provides the overarching vision that guides research into area that are predominantly socially relevant.

Ques 34: Which of the following terms is related to the digital learning environment for design ?

• e-Vidwan
• e-Acharya
• e-Kalpa
• e-Yantra

Information and Communication Technology
e-kalpa is a project on ‘Creating Digital-learning Environment for Design. E-kalpa’ is sponsored by the ministry of Human Resources, Government of India as part of the National Mission is Education through Information and Communication Technology.

Ques 35: Which of the following is most suitable for being designated as fourth-generation programming language (4GL)?

• ALGOL
• Java
• C
• SQL

Information and Communication Technology
Fourth generation language are Very High-level Languages.
They required a lot of time and effort that affected the productivity of a programmer. The fourth generation programming languages were designed and developed to reduce the time, cost and effort needed to develop different types of software applications.
Advantages of fourth generation languages are :
1. These programming languages allow the efficient use of data by implementing the various database.
2. they require less time, cost and effort to develop different types software applications.
3. the program developed in these languages are highly portable as compared to the programs developed in the languages of other generation.
Examples: SOL, CSS, coldfusion.
Fifth generation language are basically Artificial Intelligence Language. The example are mercury, prolog, OPSS.

Ques 36: Biosphere reserves are: (i) area comprising terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems (ii) monitored by national governments (iii) areas where threatened animals and plants are kept in their habitat (iv) wildlife sanctuaries Choose the correct statements from the options given below.

• (i) and (ii)
• (ii) and (iii)
• (iii) and (iv)
• (i) and (iv)

People, Development and Environment
Biosphere reserves are area of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. They are internationally recognized, nominated by national government and remain under sovereign jurisdiction of the states, where they are located.
Biosphere reserves help ensure the environmental, economic and social sustainability of the region by encouraging wise use of natural and human resources.

Ques 37: In which of the following, ‘One Nation, One Standard’ is mentioned as the ‘mantra’ to ensure national standards and quality?

• National Policy on Education, 1968
• National Policy on Education, 1986
• National Policy for skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015
• NITI Aayog-Three Year Action Agenda (from 2017-18 to 2019-20)

People, Development and Environment
National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015. Ministry is an integral part of the government policy on Sabka Sath, Sabka Vikaas and its commitment to overall human resource development to take advantage of the demographic profile of our country’s population in the coming years. Developing a comprehensive and holistic policy document is an integral part of the process.
The objective of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015 will be to meet the challenge of skilling at scale with speed and standard.

Ques 38: A green building: (i) uses minimum amount of energy (ii) generates waste (iii) consumes a lot of water (iv) conserves natural resources (v) creates space for healthy living Choose the correct statement from the options given below.

• (i),(ii) and (iii)
• (i),(iv) and (v)
• (ii),(iii) and (v)
• (ii),(iv) and (v)

People, Development and Environment
Green building refers to both the structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building life cycle from planning to design, construction operation maintenance, renovation and demolition. The common objective of green building is to reduce the overall impact of the build environment on human health and the natural environment b accomplishing the following
1. Efficiently using energy, water and other resources.
2. protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity.
3. Reducing wastes, pollution and environmental degradation.

Ques 39: At present, in India, the share of which of the following sources of energy in electricity generation is the least ?

• Thermal
• Solar and wind
• Hydro
• Nuclear

People, Development and Environment
As of March 2018, India has 22 nuclear reactor in operation in 7 nuclear power plants, with a total installed capacity of 5,780 MW. Nuclear power produced a total of 35 TWh and supplied 3.22% of Indian electricity in 2017. 7 more reactors are under construction with a combined generation capacity of 4,300 MW.
In 2018, India commemorated 20 years since it conducted its five nuclear tests, known as Operation Shakti-98, and 10 year since India-U.S Civil Nuclear Agreement ini 2008, also called as 123 Agreement.

Ques 40: Given below are two statements-one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R). Assertion (A): Sniffing is a process of monitoring and capturing all data packets passing through given network. Reason (R) : Sniffing is a process of monitoring and capturing all data packets passing through given network. In the light of the above stated statements, choose the correct option from the choices given below.

• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
• Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
• (A) is true but (R) is false
• (A) is false but (R) is true

Logical Reasonning
Both A and R are correct. A wireless sniffer is a type of packet analyzer. Wireshark is the world’s leading network traffic analyzer, and an essential tool for any security professional or systems adiminstrator. This free software lets you analyze network traffic in real time, and is often the best tool for troubleshooting issues on your network.

Ques 41: Methane, a greenhouse gas is emitted from: (i) landfills (ii) construction debris (iii) wetlands (iv) e-waste Choose the correct statements from the options given below.

• (i),(ii) and (iv)
• (i),(iii) and (iv)
• (i) and (iii) only
• (i) and (iv) only

People, Development and Environment
Methane (CH4) is one of the trace gases in the atmosphere that is considered to pay a major role in what is called ‘greenhouse effect’. There are six major sources of atmospheric methane.
1. Natural wetland.
3. Emission from livestock production system (including intrinsic fermentation and animal waste).
4. Biomass burning (including forest fires and firewood burning).
6. Anaerobic decomposition of organic waste in landfills.
6. Fossil methane emission during the explanation and transportation of fossil fuels.

Ques 42:Identify the values specially related to organizational ethos from the list given below. (i) Teamwork in the approach (ii) Productivity of the tasks (iii) Changes in the global contents (iv) Financial security (v) Humility in dealing with others’ concerns (vi) Technological resources Choose your answer from the following options.

• (i),(iii) and (vi)
• (iii),(iv) and (v)
• (ii),(iii) and (iv)
• (i),(ii) and (v)

People, Development and Environment
Organizational ethos is the code of conduct and principles that guide the behaviors of the employees and the management in an organization.

Ques 43: Identify the distinctive feature of traditional method of Indian education from the following list.

• ‘Direct perception of truth’-both as means and ends
• Making everything on trust
• Evolving own ways’ of learning
• Following nyaya philosophy with deductive and inductive process

Teaching Aptitude
Traditional method of teaching is, when a teacher directs students to learn through memorization and recitation techniques, thereby not developing their critical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making skills.

Ques 44: Non-traditional teaching and learning strategies lay emphasis on: (i) students’ need-based resource materials and learning standards (ii) developing skills, attitude and values (iii) promoting inbox thinking process (iv) lecture-based model (v) acquiring knowledge necessary to respond creatively Select your answer from the following options.

• (i),(ii) and (v)
• (ii),(iii) and (iv)
• (iii),(iv) and (v)
• (i),(iv) and (v)

Teaching Aptitude
Non-traditional teaching and learning strategies lay emphasis on students’ need-based resource materials and learning standards and developing skills, attitude and values and also acquiring knowledge necessary to respond creatively.

Ques 45: Which of the following is a collaboration tool for providing virtual classroom environment ?

• A-Lab
• A-View
• A-Tutor
• A-Learner

Information and Communication Technology
A-view classroom is a framework that provides a rich interactive social environment for e-Larning. It is simple, user-friendly, video conferencing software, which provides a great opportunity to a teacher to teach in a live interactive mode to various geographical locations across India.

Comprehension : read the passage carefully and answer the questions from 46 to 50.
The pre-first world was era is really in a well-suited way for an in-depth evaluation of popular movements, as they were spontaneous and no more than, marginally affected intelligentsia ideologies, objectives or techniques. The limitations of such spontaneity are fairly clear. Popular movements were directed usually against the immediate Indiara oppressor, rather than the distant white superior and so were often not consciously or subjectively anti-imperialist. They tended to be fairly widely scattered in both space and time and were extremely volatile with different social forms of articulation interpenetrating and passing over each other with bewildering ease. All this makes it rather difficult to accept without some qualification the concept of ‘peasant nationalism’ as a coherent alternative to elite patriotic ideologies and movements, popular initiative and autonomy were undoubted, even remarkable at times but unlike middle class nationalism which does have certain continuity, at the level of ideology at least, from the formulation of the drain of wealth theory in the 1870s onwards, the movement that have been considered were clearly fragmented. Yet despite such limitations and crudities, popular unrest did anticipate much of middle class nationalism in terms of issues and forms of struggle, while its specific gains were at times not inconsiderable. Forest rights, the burdens of rent, usury and land revenue, planter exploitation and labour grievances, were all themes taken over by middle class nationalism later.

Ques 46: According to the passage, the issue with peasant nationalism was :

• a viable alternative to elite nationalism
• coherence and control
• lack of continuity
• quite timely

lack of continuity

Ques 47: The popular movements were:

• against imperialists
• against their masters
• consciously violent
• time-bound

against their masters

Ques 48: What is the author’s assessment of movements ?

• Some of the popular issues were take dle class nationalism
• It was bewildering and amusing
• it was remarkable and time tested
• Pre-war popular unrest was anti-imp

Some of the popular issues were take dle class nationalism

Ques 49: The pre-war popular movement were of

• uniform social form
• insignificant value
• middle class nationalism
• specific gain at times

specific gain at times

Ques 50: what does the analysis of pre-first world movements reveal ?

• Intelligentsia’s influence on popular was less
• the movements were ideological
• the movements had clear objectives
• Limited spontaneity

Intelligentsia’s influence on popular was less

Updated: July 19, 2022 — 10:23 pm